Scientific Name
Manulea praeterita Hilliard
Higher Classification
National Status
Status and Criteria
Least Concern
Assessment Date
L. von Staden
A range-restricted (EOO 2318 km²) and relatively poorly known species that is suspected to be overlooked, rather than rare or threatened.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Northern Cape, Western Cape
Bokkeveld Escarpment, northern Cederberg and Olifants River Valley.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Fynbos, Succulent Karoo
Sandy flats and slopes.
There is ongoing loss of sandstone fynbos in areas with deep sandy soils within this species' known range, as a result of rapid, ongoing expansion of rooibos tea cultivation. This species' annual habit suggests that it is probably adapted to disturbance, and unlikely to be severely impacted by agricultural expansion. It is possibly threatened by overgrazing on the sandy plains south of Vanrhynsdorp, but this is likely to affect only a small proportion of the population.

Manulea praeterita is known from only a few collections, but is likely overlooked, and more common than records suggest. As an annual species, it is likely to be resilient to disturbance, and the population is not suspected to be declining.

Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Manulea praeterita HilliardLC 2017.1
Manulea praeterita HilliardThreatened Raimondo et al. (2009)

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.

Hilliard, O.M. 1990. A brief survey of Scrophulariaceae-Selagineae. Edinburgh Journal of Botany 47(3):315-343.

Hilliard, O.M. 1994. The Manuleae: a tribe of Scrophulariaceae. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.

Manning, J.C. and Goldblatt, P. 2012. Plants of the Greater Cape Floristic Region 1: The Core Cape Flora. Strelitzia 29. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

von Staden, L. 2016. Manulea praeterita Hilliard. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2020/07/03

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Distribution map

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