Hyobanche fulleri

Taxonomy
Scientific Name
Hyobanche fulleri E.Phillips
Higher Classification
Dicotyledons
Family
OROBANCHACEAE
National Status
Status and Criteria
Critically Endangered A2c; B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)+2ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)
Assessment Date
2016/04/13
Assessor(s)
A.D. Wolfe, D. Raimondo & H. Mtshali
Justification
Restricted to the coastline between Durban and Port Edward (EOO and AOO<215 km²). This species has lost over 80% of its habitat to coastal development and associated dune stabilization over the past 40 years. Plants are long-lived, generation time is estimated to be 30 years. Subpopulations have been fragmented due to coastal developments. Dunes around developments are planted up to prevent erosion, as this species requires fire and flooding to recruit, stabilization of its dune habit is detrimental to its ecology and is likely to be causing an ongoing decline in the population. There are four known remaining extant locations and are threatened by ongoing habitat degradation as a result of land pollution.
Distribution
Endemism
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
KwaZulu-Natal
Range
Durban to Port Edward.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Terrestrial
Major habitats
Subtropical Seashore Vegetation, KwaZulu-Natal Coastal Belt Grassland, Pondoland-Ugu Sandstone Coastal Sourveld
Description
Sandy soils within 1 km of the coast.
Threats
No threats, Habitat loss, Pollution (affecting habitat and/or species)
Population
Population trend
Decreasing
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Hyobanche fulleri E.PhillipsCR A2c; B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)Raimondo et al. (2009)
Bibliography

Phillips, E.P. 1923. Hyobanche fulleri. Flowering Plants of Africa 3:t. 89.


Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.


Citation
Wolfe, A.D., Raimondo, D. & Mtshali, H. 2016. Hyobanche fulleri E.Phillips. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. Accessed on 2018/08/16

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Distribution map

© S. Parbhoo

© S. Parbhoo

© S. Parbhoo

© S. Parbhoo


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