Taxonomy
Scientific Name
Zaluzianskya spathacea (Benth.) Walp.
Higher Classification
Dicotyledons
Family
SCROPHULARIACEAE
Synonyms
Nycterinia spathacea Benth., Zaluzianskya maritima of other authors, not of (L.f.) Walp.: Hiern (1904) (in part)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Least Concern
Assessment Date
2020/03/03
Assessor(s)
L. von Staden
Justification
Zaluzianskya spathacea is a widespread species that is declining in parts of its range, but not yet in danger of extinction. It is therefore assessed as Least Concern.
Distribution
Endemism
Not endemic to South Africa
Provincial distribution
Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga
Range
This species is widespread across the eastern escarpment, from the Wolkberg to the KwaZulu-Natal Drakensberg and Amathole Mountains and Somerset East. It also occurs in Lesotho and eSwatini (Swaziland).
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Terrestrial
Major habitats
Northern Escarpment Dolomite Grassland, Drakensberg Afroalpine Heathland, Amathole Mistbelt Grassland, Southern Drakensberg Highland Grassland, Northern Drakensberg Highland Grassland, Drakensberg-Amathole Afromontane Fynbos, uKhahlamba Basalt Grassland, Lesotho Highland Basalt Grassland, Rand Highveld Grassland, Eastern Highveld Grassland, Wakkerstroom Montane Grassland, KaNgwane Montane Grassland, Amathole Montane Grassland, Sekhukhune Montane Grassland, Ithala Quartzite Sourveld, Northern Escarpment Quartzite Sourveld, Northern Escarpment Afromontane Fynbos, Woodbush Granite Grassland, Wolkberg Dolomite Grassland, Steenkampsberg Montane Grassland, Long Tom Pass Montane Grassland, Eastern Free State Sandy Grassland, Basotho Montane Shrubland, Soweto Highveld Grassland, Northern Zululand Mistbelt Grassland, Drakensberg Foothill Moist Grassland, Tarkastad Montane Shrubland, Barberton Montane Grassland
Description
It occurs in rocky places in high altitude grassland.
Threats
This species has lost habitat mainly to timber plantations in the past, but also to urban expansion, mining, and agriculture. Currently about 20% of its habitat is irreversibly modified, and loss continues. Some subpopulations are also threatened by habitat degradation due to overgrazing, inappropriate fire management and competition from alien invasive plants.
Population
Population trend
Decreasing
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Zaluzianskya spathacea (Benth.) Walp.Least Concern Raimondo et al. (2009)
Bibliography

Hilliard, O.M. 1994. The Manuleae: a tribe of Scrophulariaceae. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.


Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.


Citation
von Staden, L. 2020. Zaluzianskya spathacea (Benth.) Walp. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version . Accessed on 2024/05/20

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Distribution map


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