Scientific Name
Conophytum armianum S.A.Hammer
Higher Classification
National Status
Status and Criteria
Vulnerable B1ab(v)+2ab(v)
Assessment Date
A.J. Young
A restricted-range endemic to the Richtersveld region of the Northern Cape, South Africa with an extent of occurrence (EOO) of 468 km² and an area of occupancy (AOO) of 28 km². It is only known from seven locations and is declining due to illegal collection for the specialist succulent trade. It therefore qualifies as Vulnerable under criterion B.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Northern Cape
information redacted, contact SANBI
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Succulent Karoo
Quartzite or feldspar rubble flats, plateaus and slopes. Plants are usually buried amongst stones.
This species is increasingly popular in cultivation and some subpopulations are threatened by illegal collection. There has been a significant increase in demand for wild collected plants since March 2019 with a number of illegal trafficking cases being documented. The population is declining due to illegal collecting.

This species has a localized distribution, and is known from two to five subpopulations. Plants occur in colonies of several thousand individuals (S.A. Hammer pers. obs.) but are now declining due to illegal collecting.

Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Conophytum armianum S.A.HammerRare 2015.1
Conophytum armianum S.A.HammerNT D2Raimondo et al. (2009)
Conophytum armianum S.A.HammerLower Risk - Near Threatened Victor (2002)
Conophytum armianum S.A.HammerRare Hilton-Taylor (1996)

Hammer, S. 1988. A new Conophytum from Steinkopf. Conophytum armianum Hammer sp. nov. Aloe 25(1):10-11.

Hammer, S. 2002. Dumpling and his wife: New view of the genus Conophytum. EAE Creative Colour, Norwich.

Hammer, S.A. 1993. The genus Conophytum: A conograph. Succulent Plant Publications, Pretoria.

Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Snijman, D.A. 2013. Plants of the Greater Cape Floristic Region 2: The extra Cape flora. Strelitzia 30. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Victor, J.E. 2002. South Africa. In: J.S. Golding (ed), Southern African plant Red Data Lists. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 14 (pp. 93-120), SABONET, Pretoria.

Young, A.J. 2020. Conophytum armianum S.A.Hammer. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2023/12/08

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Distribution map

© A.J. Young

© A.J. Young

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