Taxonomy
Scientific Name
Erica praecox Klotzsch
Higher Classification
Dicotyledons
Family
ERICACEAE
National Status
Status and Criteria
Vulnerable B1ab(iii,v)+2ab(iii,v)
Assessment Date
2018/07/10
Assessor(s)
L. von Staden
Justification
Erica praecox is a highly range-restricted species, with an extent of occurrence (EOO) of 1018 km². It is known from fewer than 10 locations and threatened by competition from rapidly spreading alien invasive plants across most of its range.
Distribution
Endemism
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Western Cape
Range
This species is endemic to the mountains of the Western Cape, where it occurs from Bain's Kloof to the Stettyns Mountains above Villiersdorp, and it has also been recorded from Brandwag Peak in the Western Hex River Mountains.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Terrestrial
Major habitats
South Hex Sandstone Fynbos, Kogelberg Sandstone Fynbos, Hawequas Sandstone Fynbos
Description
It occurs on upper ridges and summits in sandstone fynbos.
Threats
Alien invasive plants, particularly pines, are rapidly spreading within this species' habitat at Bain's Kloof, Du Toit's Kloof, Wemmershoek and the mountains around Franschhoek Pass. The population is likely to decline unless clearing efforts are urgently implemented.
Population

This is a range-restricted, but fairly common species, known from seven subpopulations. It is likely that more subpopulations exist within more remote montane areas within its range.


Population trend
Decreasing
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Erica praecox KlotzschLeast Concern Raimondo et al. (2009)
Bibliography

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.


Manning, J.C. and Goldblatt, P. 2012. Plants of the Greater Cape Floristic Region 1: The Core Cape Flora. Strelitzia 29. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.


Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.


Schumann, D., Kirsten, G. and Oliver, E.G.H. 1992. Ericas of South Africa. Fernwood Press, Cape Town.


Citation
von Staden, L. 2018. Erica praecox Klotzsch. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2020/07/10

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Distribution map


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