Scientific Name
Perdicium capense L.
Higher Classification
Gerbera taraxaci (Vahl) Schltr., Perdicium semiflosculare L., Perdicium taraxaci Vahl
National Status
Status and Criteria
Vulnerable B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)
Assessment Date
N.A. Helme & L. von Staden
A widespread (EOO 16 389 km²), but extremely rare species known from 10 locations. It continues to decline due to ongoing habitat loss and degradation.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Northern Cape, Western Cape
Bokkeveld Escarpment to Caledon.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Swartland Shale Renosterveld, Matjiesfontein Shale Renosterveld, Ceres Shale Renosterveld, Western Ruens Shale Renosterveld, Vanrhynsdorp Shale Renosterveld, Bokkeveld Sandstone Fynbos, Northern Inland Shale Band Vegetation
Shale renosterveld, occasionally in deep loamy soils in sandstone fynbos.
This species is threatened by ongoing habitat loss to agricultural expansion on the Bokkeveld Escarpment, Swartland, Overberg and Warm Bokkeveld east of Ceres. Particularly in the Swartland and western Overberg, <5% of renosterveld remains intact, and in these areas the species is confined to very small, isolated remnants of natural vegetation. A subpopulation near Durbanville is threatened by habitat loss to urban expansion and competition from alien invasive plants.

Perdicium capense is a widespread, but extremely rarely recorded species, currently known from 10 widely scattered locations. It is most often recorded in recently burnt vegetation, and may be overlooked in dense, mature renosterveld. In many small renosterveld remnants fire is excluded, which means that this species could be easily overlooked in surveys. Field observations indicate continuing decline due to ongoing habitat loss.

Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Perdicium capense L.VU B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)2017.1
Perdicium capense L.Least Concern Raimondo et al. (2009)

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.

Hansen, H. 1985. A taxonomic revision of the genus Perdicium (Compositae-Mutisieae). Nordic Journal of Botany 5(6):543-546.

Manning, J.C. and Goldblatt, P. 2012. Plants of the Greater Cape Floristic Region 1: The Core Cape Flora. Strelitzia 29. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Helme, N.A. & von Staden, L. 2016. Perdicium capense L. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2020/07/09

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Distribution map

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