Scientific Name
Agathosma hirta (Lam.) Bartl. & H.L.Wendl.
Higher Classification
Agathosma adenocaulis Kuntze, Agathosma biophylla Eckl. & Zeyh., Agathosma hirtoides Dummer, Bucco hirta Roem. & Schult., Diosma hirta Lam., Hartogia adenocaulis Kuntze
Common Names
Boegoe (a)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Near Threatened B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)
Assessment Date
L. von Staden
This species is a range-restricted species with an extent of occurrence (EOO) of 3798 km². It is estimated to remain at between 10 and 20 locations, and it is declining due to ongoing habitat loss and degradation, as well as competition from unmanaged alien invasive plants. It almost qualifies for listing as Vulnerable under criterion B and is therefore assessed as Near Threatened.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Eastern Cape
It is endemic to South Africa, and is found from Humansdorp to Port Elizabeth.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
South Eastern Coastal Thornveld, Loerie Conglomerate Fynbos, Algoa Sandstone Fynbos, Kouga Grassy Sandstone Fynbos, Kouga Sandstone Fynbos, Southern Cape Dune Fynbos
Plants grow in seasonal seeps on lower slopes and dunes.
It has declined across the southern and western parts of its range. Around Port Elizabeth, it continues to lose habitat to infrastructure development and urban expansion. On the coastal lowlands between Humansdorp and Port Elizabeth, most subpopulations known through historical records are now locally extinct due to habitat loss to agricultural expansion. On the lower southern slopes of the Van Stadens Mountains, much of this species' habitat has been converted to exotic timber plantations, and spreading, unmanaged alien invasive plants are causing ongoing degradation of remaining fynbos patches. In the Elands River Valley, competition from alien invasive plants is the main ongoing threat to subpopulations of this species.

There is no information available on its population.

Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Agathosma hirta (Lam.) Bartl. & H.L.Wendl.NT B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)2015.1
Agathosma hirta (Lam.) Bartl. & H.L.Wendl.Least Concern Raimondo et al. (2009)

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.

Manning, J.C. and Goldblatt, P. 2012. Plants of the Greater Cape Floristic Region 1: The Core Cape Flora. Strelitzia 29. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

von Staden, L. 2020. Agathosma hirta (Lam.) Bartl. & H.L.Wendl. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version . Accessed on 2024/06/22

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Distribution map

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