Scientific Name
Agathosma kougaense Pillans
Higher Classification
National Status
Status and Criteria
Assessment Date
T. Trinder-Smith & L. von Staden
Agathosma kougaense is a rare, localized and poorly known species. It is possibly endemic to a single peak in the Kouga Mountains, in which case its extent of occurrence (EOO) is around 25 km². More field surveys and taxonomic study is needed to better understand the range and habitat requirements of this species. It however occurs in protected montane areas where it has no severe threats, and therefore it is not suspected to be in danger of extinction.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Eastern Cape
This species is known only from the Kouga Mountains north of Joubertina in the Eastern Cape (Pillans 1950). Recent collections suggest that it may be more widespread, as far as the Swartberg Mountains in the Western Cape. Agathosma is in need of taxonomic revision, and the identity of these collections remain uncertain.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Kouga Sandstone Fynbos
It is localized to summit ridges in sandstone fynbos.
Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Agathosma kougaense PillansRare Raimondo et al. (2009)

Bolus Herbarium. The genus Agathosma, specimen data from the Bolus Herbarium Collections database. University of Cape Town, Cape Town. Downloaded on 2007.

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.

Manning, J.C. and Goldblatt, P. 2012. Plants of the Greater Cape Floristic Region 1: The Core Cape Flora. Strelitzia 29. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Pillans, N.S. 1950. A revision of Agathosma. Journal of South African Botany 16(2):55-177.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Trinder-Smith, T. & von Staden, L. 2020. Agathosma kougaense Pillans. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version . Accessed on 2024/06/21

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Distribution map

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