Scientific Name
Limonium linifolium (L.f.) Kuntze
Higher Classification
National Status
Status and Criteria
Near Threatened B2b(ii,iii)
Assessment Date
N.A. Helme & D. van der Colff
A widespread (EOO 38 869 km²), but localized habitat specialist of estuaries and coastal pans (AOO <800 km²). Although still fairly common, estimated to occur at between 15 and 20 locations, it is declining due to ongoing habitat degradation.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Eastern Cape, Western Cape
Gansbaai to Kei Mouth.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Subtropical Seashore Vegetation, Goukamma Dune Thicket, Grass Ridge Bontveld, Hartenbos Strandveld, Kasouga Dune Thicket, Sundays Mesic Thicket, Hamburg Dune Thicket, St Francis Dune Thicket, Bethelsdorp Bontveld, Cape Seashore Vegetation, Blombos Strandveld, Subtropical Dune Thicket, Transkei Coastal Belt, Knysna Sand Fynbos, Southern Cape Dune Fynbos, Agulhas Sand Fynbos, Albertinia Sand Fynbos, Overberg Dune Strandveld, Albany Alluvial Vegetation
Coastal saline pans and estuaries.
Many estuaries within the known range of this species are in poor condition (Driver et al. 2012), as a result of infrastructure development, pollution, and upstream damming of rivers, and estuarine ecosystems are poorly protected. Salt processing is causing loss and degradation of saline pans.

This species is a localized habitat specialist, but fairly common in suitable habitat along the coast. Many recent records indicate that it persists in many places in spite of habitat degradation, and it may be somewhat resilient to disturbance.

Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Limonium linifolium (L.f.) Kuntze var. linifolium Least Concern Raimondo et al. (2009)
Limonium linifolium (L.f.) Kuntze var. maritimum (Eckl. & Zeyh. ex Boiss.) R.A.DyerLeast Concern Raimondo et al. (2009)

Driver, A., Sink, K.J., Nel, J.L., Holness, S., Van Niekerk, L., Daniels, F., Jonas, Z., Majiedt, P.A., Harris, L. and Maze, K. 2012. National Biodiveristy Assessment 2011: An assessment of South Africa's biodiversity and ecosystems. South African National Biodiversity Institute and Department of Environmental Affairs, Pretoria.

Dyer, R.A. 1963. Plumbaginaceae. In: R.A. Dyer, L.E. Codd and H.B. Rycroft (eds). Flora of southern Africa 26 (Myrsinaceae-Apocynaceae):15-31. Botanical Research Institute, Pretoria.

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.

Manning, J.C. and Goldblatt, P. 2012. Plants of the Greater Cape Floristic Region 1: The Core Cape Flora. Strelitzia 29. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Helme, N.A. & van der Colff, D. 2015. Limonium linifolium (L.f.) Kuntze. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2022/07/05

Comment on this assessment Comment on this assessment
Distribution map

Search for images of Limonium linifolium on iNaturalist