Taxonomy
Scientific Name
Ecbolium flanaganii C.B.Clarke
Higher Classification
Dicotyledons
Family
ACANTHACEAE
National Status
Status and Criteria
Least Concern
Assessment Date
2017/09/05
Assessor(s)
L. von Staden
Justification
Ecbolium flanaganii is a range-restricted species with an extent of occurrence (EOO) of 1279 km². It has no severe threats, and is therefore not suspected to be in danger of extinction.
Distribution
Endemism
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Eastern Cape
Range
This species is endemic to the Eastern Cape, where it occurs from the Kariega River to Kei Mouth.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Terrestrial
Major habitats
Albany Thicket, Savanna
Description
It occurs in Euphorbia-dominated thicket, thicket margins and riverine forest in hot, dry river valleys close to the coast, 50-450 m.
Threats
Some subpopulations near the Buffalo River Mouth known through historical records may now be locally extinct due to habitat loss to urban and industrial expansion. Most remaining subpopulations are however not threatened.
Population

This species is known from only a few collections, and was last recorded in 1977. Much intact habitat remains, and it is possibly overlooked, rather than rare or threatened. Field surveys are needed to confirm this.


Population trend
Stable
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Ecbolium flanaganii C.B.ClarkeLeast Concern Raimondo et al. (2009)
Bibliography

Clarke, C.B. 1901. Acanthaceae. In: W.T. Thiselton-Dyer (ed). Flora Capensis V Section I (Acanthaceae-Proteaceae):1-92. Lovell Reeve & Co., Ltd., London.


Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.


Vollesen, K. 1989. A revision of Megalochlamys and Ecbolium (Acanthaceae: Justicieae). Kew Bulletin 44(4):601-680.


Citation
von Staden, L. 2017. Ecbolium flanaganii C.B.Clarke. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2024/02/29

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Distribution map


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