Scientific Name
Phylica dioica L.
Higher Classification
Phylica reflexa Lam.
National Status
Status and Criteria
Vulnerable B1ab(iii,v)+2ab(iii,v)
Assessment Date
N.A. Helme & L. von Staden
A range-restricted (EOO 920 km², AOO <920 km²), but still fairly common species that is affected by competition from alien invasive plants across most of its range. There are an estimated five to 10 locations, and at least one known subpopulation is declining due to spreading, unmanaged alien invasive plants.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Western Cape
Cape Peninsula to Jonkershoek.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Peninsula Sandstone Fynbos, Kogelberg Sandstone Fynbos, Peninsula Granite Fynbos, Boland Granite Fynbos, Cape Flats Sand Fynbos
Sandstone slopes.
Subpopulations on Noordhoek Peak are threatened by competition from severe alien invasive pine infestations (N.A. Helme pers. obs. 2011). Elsewhere on the Cape Peninsula, efforts have been made to clear alien invasive plants, but ongoing management is needed to prevent reinvasions. Subpopulations in Jonkershoek are not currently threatened, but the lower slopes of the valley are also under timber plantations, and escaping pine seedlings spreading up the slopes is a potential threat.

This species is common across the Cape Peninsula, From Camp's Bay and Devil's Peak to Cape Point. Goldblatt and Manning (2000) and Manning and Goldblatt (2012) indicate that it occurs in Jonkershoek, but the species' distribution and abundance in this area is poorly known.

Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Phylica dioica L.VU B1ab(iii,v)+2ab(iii,v)2017.1
Phylica dioica L.Least Concern Raimondo et al. (2009)

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.

Manning, J.C. and Goldblatt, P. 2012. Plants of the Greater Cape Floristic Region 1: The Core Cape Flora. Strelitzia 29. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Pillans, N.S. 1942. The genus Phylica, Linn. Journal of South African Botany 8(1):1-164.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Helme, N.A. & von Staden, L. 2016. Phylica dioica L. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2020/07/03

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Distribution map

© C. Merry

© C. Merry

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