Lotononis villosa

Taxonomy
Scientific Name
Lotononis villosa (E.Mey.) Steud.
Higher Classification
Dicotyledons
Family
FABACEAE
National Status
Status and Criteria
Endangered B1ab(iii,v)
Assessment Date
2016/08/23
Assessor(s)
D. Raimondo & L. von Staden
Justification
EOO 4518 km², between three and seven severely fragmented remaining subpopulations continue to decline due to ongoing habitat loss and degradation.
Distribution
Endemism
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Western Cape
Range
Footslopes of the Olifants River Mountains near Piketberg to the Overberg near Napier.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Terrestrial
Major habitats
Swartland Shale Renosterveld, Central Rûens Shale Renosterveld, Olifants Alluvium Fynbos
Description
Coastal renosterveld, 180 m.
Threats
Less than 10% of renosterveld remains intact within this species' known range after extensive loss to agriculture. Sporadic losses to agricultural expansion is ongoing, but most of the small, isolated fragments remaining are unsuitable to cultivation. These are however often overstocked with livestock, resulting in ongoing degradation due to overgrazing. Fire exclusion and spreading alien invasive plants are also a concern.
Population

Lotononis villosa is a rare and poorly known species. There are only a few, widely scattered records. It has not been recorded in the northern and eastern Swartland since 1951. There are a few recent observations from lowland renosterveld fragments in the Overberg. The population is severely fragmented and declining due to ongoing habitat loss and degradation.


Population trend
Decreasing
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Lotononis villosa (E.Mey.) Steud.VU D2Raimondo et al. (2009)
Lotononis villosa (E.Mey.) Steud.Not Threatened Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Bibliography

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.


Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.


Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.


Van Wyk, B.E. 1991. A synopsis of the genus Lotononis (Fabaceae: Crotalarieae). Contributions from the Bolus Herbarium 14:1-292.


Citation
Raimondo, D. & von Staden, L. 2016. Lotononis villosa (E.Mey.) Steud. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. Accessed on 2017/07/23

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Distribution map


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