Scientific Name
Lotononis villosa (E.Mey.) Steud.
Higher Classification
National Status
Status and Criteria
Endangered B1ab(iii,v)
Assessment Date
D. Raimondo & L. von Staden
EOO 4518 km², between three and seven severely fragmented remaining subpopulations continue to decline due to ongoing habitat loss and degradation.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Western Cape
Footslopes of the Olifants River Mountains near Piketberg to the Overberg near Napier.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Swartland Shale Renosterveld, Central Ruens Shale Renosterveld, Greyton Shale Fynbos
Coastal renosterveld, 180 m.
Less than 10% of renosterveld remains intact within this species' known range after extensive loss to agriculture. Sporadic losses to agricultural expansion is ongoing, but most of the small, isolated fragments remaining are unsuitable to cultivation. These are however often overstocked with livestock, resulting in ongoing degradation due to overgrazing. Fire exclusion and spreading alien invasive plants are also a concern.

Lotononis villosa is a rare and poorly known species. There are only a few, widely scattered records. It has not been recorded in the northern and eastern Swartland since 1951. There are a few recent observations from lowland renosterveld fragments in the Overberg. The population is severely fragmented and declining due to ongoing habitat loss and degradation.

Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Lotononis villosa (E.Mey.) Steud.EN B1ab(iii,v)2017.1
Lotononis villosa (E.Mey.) Steud.VU D2Raimondo et al. (2009)
Lotononis villosa (E.Mey.) Steud.Not Threatened Hilton-Taylor (1996)

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.

Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Van Wyk, B.E. 1991. A synopsis of the genus Lotononis (Fabaceae: Crotalarieae). Contributions from the Bolus Herbarium 14:1-292.

Raimondo, D. & von Staden, L. 2016. Lotononis villosa (E.Mey.) Steud. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2020/07/03

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Distribution map

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