Scientific Name
Sceletium tortuosum (L.) N.E.Br.
Higher Classification
Mesembryanthemum aridum Moench, Mesembryanthemum concavum Haw., Mesembryanthemum tortuosum L., Pentacoilanthus tortuosus (L.) Rappa & Camorrone, Phyllobolus tortuosus (L.) Bittrich, Sceletium boreale L.Bolus, Sceletium compactum L.Bolus, Sceletium concavum (Haw.) Schwantes, Sceletium framesii L.Bolus, Sceletium gracile L.Bolus, Sceletium joubertii L.Bolus, Sceletium namaquense L.Bolus, Sceletium namaquense L.Bolus var. namaquense, Sceletium namaquense L.Bolus var. subglobosum L.Bolus, Sceletium ovatum L.Bolus, Sceletium tugwelliae L.Bolus, Tetracoilanthus concavus (Haw.) Rappa & Camarrone
Common Names
Hotnotskougoed (a), Hottentotskougoed (a), Kanna (a), Kougoed (a)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Least Concern
Assessment Date
J.E. Victor & E. Powell
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, Western Cape
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Sceletium tortuosum (L.) N.E.Br.Least Concern Raimondo et al. (2009)
Sceletium tortuosum (L.) N.E.Br.Not Threatened Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Sceletium ovatum L.BolusIndeterminate Hall et al. (1980)

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.

Hall, A.V., De Winter, M., De Winter, B. and Van Oosterhout, S.A.M. 1980. Threatened plants of southern Africa. South African National Scienctific Programmes Report 45. CSIR, Pretoria.

Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Vlok, J. and Schutte-Vlok, A.L. 2010. Plants of the Klein Karoo. Umdaus Press, Hatfield.

Victor, J.E. & Powell, E. 2005. Sceletium tortuosum (L.) N.E.Br. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. Accessed on 2018/03/24

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Distribution map

© J.H. Vlok/A.L. Schutte-Vlok

© J.H. Vlok/A.L. Schutte-Vlok

© J.H. Vlok/A.L. Schutte-Vlok

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