Taxonomy
Scientific Name
Melanospermum italae Hilliard
Higher Classification
Dicotyledons
Family
SCROPHULARIACEAE
National Status
Status and Criteria
Vulnerable B1ab(iii)
Assessment Date
2007/10/01
Assessor(s)
C.R. Scott-Shaw, I.M. Johnson & L. von Staden
Justification
Known from less than 10 locations within an EOO of 6700 km². The habitat is being impacted by severe overgrazing, which is likely to be causing continuing decline to the population.
Distribution
Endemism
Not endemic to South Africa
Provincial distribution
KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga
Range
Louwsburg, Piet Retief and near Mbabane (Swaziland).
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Terrestrial
Major habitats
Ithala Quartzite Sourveld, KaNgwane Montane Grassland
Description
Mistbelt grassland, in sandy or gritty places around or on rock sheets and around extensive rock outcrops, 1200-1500 m.
Threats
The habitat of this species is ideally suited to forestry plantations, and much of the habitat across the range has been transformed to plantations in the past (NLC 1996). There is severe ongoing decline in the quality of grassland fragments outside of nature reserves around Louwsburg due to excessive overgrazing (C.R. Scott-Shaw pers. comm.) Little is known about current threats elsewhere in the range.
Population
Population trend
Decreasing
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Melanospermum italae HilliardVU B1ab(iii)Raimondo et al. (2009)
Melanospermum italae HilliardVU Scott-Shaw (1999)
Melanospermum italae HilliardVulnerable Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Bibliography

Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.


Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.


Scott-Shaw, C.R. 1999. Rare and threatened plants of KwaZulu-Natal and neighbouring regions. KwaZulu-Natal Nature Conservation Service, Pietermaritzburg.


Citation
Scott-Shaw, C.R., Johnson, I.M. & von Staden, L. 2007. Melanospermum italae Hilliard. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2023/02/08

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Distribution map


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