Scientific Name
Nemesia saccata E.Mey. ex Benth.
Higher Classification
National Status
Status and Criteria
Vulnerable B1ab(iii,v)
Assessment Date
K.E. Steiner, D. Raimondo, L. von Staden & P.C.V. Van Wyk
EOO 8304 km², plants at between five and 10 locations continue to decline due to overgrazing and habitat loss to mining.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Northern Cape
Alexander Bay to Hondeklipbaai.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Namaqualand Inland Duneveld, Namaqualand Coastal Duneveld, Namaqualand Strandveld, Richtersveld Red Duneveld, Southern Richtersveld Yellow Duneveld, Northern Richtersveld Yellow Duneveld, Namaqualand Arid Grassland, Richtersveld Coastal Duneveld, Namaqualand Sand Fynbos
Sandy areas near the coast.
Threatened by severe overgrazing on the coastal plain on the Richtersveld. Nemesia species are highly palatable (J.H. Vlok pers. comm.), and this species has become very rare in the Richtersveld as a result of overgrazing, On the coast between Port Nolloth and Hondeklipbaai, open-cast mining is causing severe, ongoing habitat destruction and degradation.

This species is extremely rarely seen (K.E. Steiner pers. comm.). Searches over many years in the Richtersveld have failed to locate any individuals (P.C.V. van Wyk pers. comm.). Most recent records are from the Namaqua National Park, where this species' habitat is protected, and the largest subpopulation remains. Elsewhere it is declining due to ongoing habitat loss and degradation.

Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Nemesia saccata E.Mey. ex Benth.VU B1ab(iii,v)2015.1
Nemesia saccata E.Mey. ex Benth.Rare Raimondo et al. (2009)
Nemesia saccata E.Mey. ex Benth.Rare Hilton-Taylor (1996)

Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Snijman, D.A. 2013. Plants of the Greater Cape Floristic Region 2: The extra Cape flora. Strelitzia 30. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Steiner, K.E., Raimondo, D., von Staden, L. & Van Wyk, P.C.V. 2015. Nemesia saccata E.Mey. ex Benth. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2024/02/26

Comment on this assessment Comment on this assessment
Distribution map

Search for images of Nemesia saccata on iNaturalist