Conophytum regale

Scientific Name
Conophytum regale Lavis
Higher Classification
National Status
Status and Criteria
Critically Endangered B1ab(v)+2ab(v)
Assessment Date
A.J. Young
A habitat specialist known to occur at one site with a population size of <500 individuals is declining due to illegal plant collecting.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Northern Cape
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Namaqualand Klipkoppe Shrubland
Cracks and crevices on quartz boulders.
The main threat to this species is illegal plant collecting. The site is very accessible, close to the main road. Local reports from Springbok have suggested that collecting has taken place in the last few years but the site has not been visited recently to confirm the status of the population.

There is a single known subpopulation of less than 500 mature individuals.

Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Conophytum regale LavisCritically Rare Raimondo et al. (2009)
Conophytum regale LavisLower Risk - Near Threatened Victor (2002)
Conophytum regale LavisRare Hilton-Taylor (1996)

Bolus, H.M.L. 1928-1935. Notes on Mesembrianthemum and allied genera. Part II. Bolus Herbarium, University of Cape Town, Cape Town.

Hammer, S. 2002. Dumpling and his wife: New view of the genus Conophytum. EAE Creative Colour, Norwich.

Hammer, S.A. 1993. The genus Conophytum: A conograph. Succulent Plant Publications, Pretoria.

Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Snijman, D.A. 2013. Plants of the Greater Cape Floristic Region 2: The extra Cape flora. Strelitzia 30. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Victor, J.E. 2002. South Africa. In: J.S. Golding (ed), Southern African plant Red Data Lists. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 14 (pp. 93-120), SABONET, Pretoria.

Young, A.J. 2015. Conophytum regale Lavis. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. Accessed on 2019/10/15

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Distribution map

© A.J. Young

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