Scientific Name
Conophytum verrucosum (Lavis) G.D.Rowley
Higher Classification
Ophthalmophyllum verrucosum Lavis
National Status
Status and Criteria
Least Concern
Assessment Date
A.J. Young
This species is widespread (EOO at least 5214 km²) and not in danger of extinction.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Northern Cape
Bushmanland, Pofadder and Springbok to Kliprand.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Nama Karoo, Succulent Karoo
Calcrete outcrops or flats with quartz rubble.
There are no known significant threats to this species.

This species occurs in a remote and botanically still very poorly explored region of Bushmanland. It was thought to be rare, but recent field surveys indicate that it is probably much more common than what specimen records suggest. As there are probably still many undiscovered subpopulations, the population size is difficult to estimate. It is likely to be more than 1000 mature individuals, as subpopulations are large. It is not suspected to be declining.

Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Conophytum verrucosum (Lavis) G.D.RowleyLC 2017.1
Conophytum verrucosum (Lavis) G.D.RowleyRare Raimondo et al. (2009)
Conophytum verrucosum (Lavis) G.D.RowleyLower Risk - Least Concern Victor (2002)
Conophytum verrucosum (Lavis) G.D.RowleyIndeterminate Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Ophthalmophyllum verrucosum LavisIndeterminate Hall et al. (1980)

Hall, A.V., De Winter, M., De Winter, B. and Van Oosterhout, S.A.M. 1980. Threatened plants of southern Africa. South African National Scienctific Programmes Report 45. CSIR, Pretoria.

Hammer, S. 2002. Dumpling and his wife: New view of the genus Conophytum. EAE Creative Colour, Norwich.

Hammer, S.A. 1993. The genus Conophytum: A conograph. Succulent Plant Publications, Pretoria.

Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Rowley, G.D. 1978. Reunion of some genera of Mesembryanthemaceae. National Cactus and Succulent Journal 33(1):6-9.

Snijman, D.A. 2013. Plants of the Greater Cape Floristic Region 2: The extra Cape flora. Strelitzia 30. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Victor, J.E. 2002. South Africa. In: J.S. Golding (ed), Southern African plant Red Data Lists. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 14 (pp. 93-120), SABONET, Pretoria.

Young, A.J. 2015. Conophytum verrucosum (Lavis) G.D.Rowley. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2020/07/03

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Distribution map

© A.J. Young

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