Conophytum brunneum

Taxonomy
Scientific Name
Conophytum brunneum S.A.Hammer
Higher Classification
Dicotyledons
Family
AIZOACEAE
National Status
Status and Criteria
Vulnerable D2
Assessment Date
2015/04/16
Assessor(s)
A.J. Young
Justification
Conophytum brunneum is a localized (EOO and AOO <1 km²), but locally abundant species that is potentially threatened by overgrazing and trampling.
Distribution
Endemism
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Western Cape
Range
North-eastern Knersvlakte.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Terrestrial
Major habitats
Namaqualand Klipkoppe Shrubland
Description
Partially shaded, west-facing quartzitic or sandstone slopes.
Threats
Plants occur on land that is used for livestock grazing. Habitat degradation as well as trampling is a potential threat. It is an unusual species and may also be potentially targeted by succulent collectors.
Population

Plants occur in scattered clumps on hills across two adjacent farms. It is locally abundant in suitable habitat. There are four known subpopulations, and each consists of more than 2000 plants.


Population trend
Stable
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Conophytum brunneum S.A.HammerLeast Concern Raimondo et al. (2009)
Bibliography

Hammer, S. 2002. Dumpling and his wife: New view of the genus Conophytum. EAE Creative Colour, Norwich.


Hartmann, H.E.K. 2002. Illustrated handbook of succulent plants: Aizoaceae A-E. Springer, Berlin.


Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.


Snijman, D.A. 2013. Plants of the Greater Cape Floristic Region 2: The extra Cape flora. Strelitzia 30. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.


Wagner, G. 2002. Conophytum brunneum S.A. Hammer spec. nov. Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 17(2):26-27.


Citation
Young, A.J. 2015. Conophytum brunneum S.A.Hammer. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. Accessed on 2017/07/23

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Distribution map

© A.J. Young


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