Scientific Name
Hesperantha bulbifera Baker
Higher Classification
National Status
Status and Criteria
Least Concern
Assessment Date
L. von Staden & T. Patel
This species is widespread, but a rare and localized habitat specialist. It has an extent of occurrence (EOO) of 344 962 km², and an area of occupancy (AOO) of 68 km². It is known from at least eight subpopulations and is not threatened. It is listed as Least Concern.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga
It is endemic to South Africa, and has a wide, but scattered distribution across the eastern summer rainfall areas, from the Soutpansberg in Limpopo to the Boschberg near Somerset East, Eastern Cape. It has not been recorded in KwaZulu-Natal, but is likely to occur there.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Waterberg Mountain Bushveld, Soutpansberg Summit Sourveld, Karoo Escarpment Grassland, Long Tom Pass Montane Grassland, Escarpment Mesic Thicket, Steenkampsberg Montane Grassland, Northern Escarpment Afromontane Fynbos, Northern Escarpment Quartzite Sourveld, Amathole Montane Grassland, Scarp Forest, Northern Mistbelt Forest, Southern Mistbelt Forest, Northern Afrotemperate Forest
It is localized to ledges on wet cliffs and damp places in the spray of waterfalls.
There are no severe threats to this species.

This is a rare and very localized habitat specialist. It is possibly overlooked in KwaZulu-Natal and the eastern parts of the Eastern Cape, as its habitat is often inaccessible. The population is however not suspected to be declining.

Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Hesperantha bulbifera BakerRare 2020.1
Hesperantha bulbifera BakerLeast Concern Raimondo et al. (2009)

Goldblatt, P. 1984. A revision of Hesperantha (Iridaceae) in the winter rainfall area of southern Africa. Journal of South African Botany 50:14-141.

Goldblatt, P. 2003. A synoptic review of the African genus Hesperantha (Iridaceae: Crocoideae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 90(3):390-443.

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2020. Iridaceae of southern Africa. Strelitzia 42. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

von Staden, L. & Patel, T. 2023. Hesperantha bulbifera Baker. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version . Accessed on 2024/07/22

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Distribution map

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