Scientific Name
Babiana tubulosa (Burm.f.) Ker Gawl.
Higher Classification
Babiana tubulosa (Burm.f.) Ker Gawl. var. tubulosa
National Status
Status and Criteria
Near Threatened B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)+2ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)
Assessment Date
J.C. Manning, D. Raimondo & L. von Staden
A range-restricted (EOO 1566 km²), but still fairly common species, remaining at at least 20 locations. It however continues to decline due to ongoing habitat loss and degradation.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Western Cape
Vredenburg to Mamre.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Well-drained slopes with gritty, granite-derived soil, occasionally on limestone.
Habitat loss to coastal development is the main threat to this species on the Vredenburg Peninsula, where it continues to decline due to development around Dwarskersbos, St Helena Bay, Saldanha, Jacobsbaai and Langebaan. Around Mamre and Darling, most of its habitat has been lost to crop fields, and only small fragments remain. These are infested with unmanaged alien invasive plants, and are frequently overstocked with livestock, leading to ongoing degradation due to overgrazing. Some sites are also degraded due to a lack of fire.

In spite of extensive habitat loss this species is still fairly common, and has been recently recorded from at least 20 locations. It is however rapidly declining on the coast around Vredenburg, with only one subpopulation protected within the West Coast National Park. Around Darling and Mamre a few small, isolated subpopulations remain, but these represent less than 50% of the remaining population, and therefore the population is not considered severely fragmented.

Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Babiana tubulosa (Burm.f.) Ker Gawl.NT B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)+2ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)2017.1
Babiana tubulosa (Burm.f.) Ker Gawl.VU D2Raimondo et al. (2009)

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2007. A revision of the southern African genus Babiana, Iridaceae, Crocoideae. Strelitzia 18:1-97. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Manning, J.C. and Goldblatt, P. 2012. Plants of the Greater Cape Floristic Region 1: The Core Cape Flora. Strelitzia 29. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Manning, J.C., Raimondo, D. & von Staden, L. 2015. Babiana tubulosa (Burm.f.) Ker Gawl. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2020/07/09

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Distribution map

© S. Falanga

© C. Paterson-Jones

© J.C. Manning

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