Scientific Name
Babiana leipoldtii G.J.Lewis
Higher Classification
National Status
Status and Criteria
Endangered B1ab(iii,v)+2ab(iii,v)
Assessment Date
P. Goldblatt, J.C. Manning, D. Raimondo & L. von Staden
A formerly widespread species that has declined extensively, currently occupying a few small isolated fragments of lowland sand fynbos (EOO 645 km², AOO <25 km²). The severely fragmented population continues to decline due to ongoing habitat loss and degradation.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Western Cape
Hopefield to Klipheuwel and Agter-Paarl.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Swartland Granite Renosterveld, Swartland Silcrete Renosterveld, Swartland Alluvium Renosterveld, Cape Flats Sand Fynbos, Atlantis Sand Fynbos, Hopefield Sand Fynbos
Seasonally damp loamy soils on sandy flats.
This species has lost more than 80% of its habitat to urban and agricultural expansion. Remaining subpopulations are mainly threatened by competition from dense, unmanaged infestations of alien invasive plants, which affects four out of five remaining subpopulations. Additional threats include ongoing habitat loss to urban and industrial expansion, overgrazing and inappropriate fire management.

Babiana leipoldtii's population has been fragmented by extensive habitat loss. Currently the largest remaining subpopulation occurs scattered across several fragments of lowland sand fynbos between Malmesbury and Mamre. There are three other remaining subpopulations all confined to small, isolated fynbos remnants between Hopefield and Klipheuwel, and all continue to decline due to ongoing habitat degradation.

Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Babiana leipoldtii G.J.LewisEN B1ab(iii,v)+2ab(iii,v)2017.1
Babiana leipoldtii G.J.LewisCR B2ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)Raimondo et al. (2009)
Babiana leipoldtii G.J.LewisRare Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Babiana leipoldtii G.J.LewisIndeterminate Hall et al. (1980)

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2007. A revision of the southern African genus Babiana, Iridaceae, Crocoideae. Strelitzia 18:1-97. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Hall, A.V., De Winter, M., De Winter, B. and Van Oosterhout, S.A.M. 1980. Threatened plants of southern Africa. South African National Scienctific Programmes Report 45. CSIR, Pretoria.

Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Manning, J., Goldblatt, P. and Snijman, D. 2002. The color encyclopedia of Cape bulbs. Timber Press, Portland/Cambridge.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Goldblatt, P., Manning, J.C., Raimondo, D. & von Staden, L. 2015. Babiana leipoldtii G.J.Lewis. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2020/07/03

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Distribution map

© R. Koopman

© R. Koopman

© J.C. Manning

© I. Ebrahim

© I. Ebrahim

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