Scientific Name
Freesia corymbosa (Burm.f.) N.E.Br.
Higher Classification
Freesia armstrongii W.Watson, Freesia aurea E.G.Hend. ex Gumbl., Freesia brevis N.E.Br., Freesia corymbosa (Burm.f.) N.E.Br. var. aurea (E.G.Hend. ex Gumbl) N.E.Br., Freesia metelerkampiae L.Bolus, Freesia odorota Eckl. ex Klatt, Freesia refracta (Jacq.) Klatt var. odorata (Eckl. ex Klatt) Baker, Gladiolus corymbosa Burm.f., Tritonia odorata Lodd., Waitzia odorata (Lodd.) Heynh.
Common Names
Flissie (a), Freesia (a), Kammetjie (a)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Least Concern
Assessment Date
J.E. Victor, A.P. Dold, L. von Staden & T. Patel
This species is widespread and common, with an extent of occurrence (EOO) of 36 594 km², and an area of occupancy (AOO) of 152 km². It is known from at least 30 locations, and is not in danger of extinction. It is therefore listed as Least Concern.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Eastern Cape, Western Cape
It is endemic to the Western Cape and Eastern Cape of South Africa, and is found from Groot Swartberg through the Langkloof to Grahamstown, King William's Town and Butterworth.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Albany Thicket, Fynbos, Savanna, Succulent Karoo
It occurs in loamy or sandy soils in rocky conglomerate, sandstone or shale, in open renosterveld, succulent karoo, thicket and grassy fynbos.
This species has lost a small portion of its habitat to infrastructure development (human settlement, power lines), too frequent fires, agriculture (livestock), and invasive alien species. However, it is not in danger of extinction.

The population has a stable trend. It is known from at least 30 locations.

Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Freesia corymbosa (Burm.f.) N.E.Br.Least Concern Raimondo et al. (2009)
Freesia corymbosa (Burm.f.) N.E.Br.Not Threatened Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Freesia armstrongii W.WatsonRare Hall et al. (1980)

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.

Hall, A.V., De Winter, M., De Winter, B. and Van Oosterhout, S.A.M. 1980. Threatened plants of southern Africa. South African National Scienctific Programmes Report 45. CSIR, Pretoria.

Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Manning, J.C. and Goldblatt, P. 2010. Botany and horticulture of the genus Freesia. Strelitzia 27:1-114. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Vlok, J. and Schutte-Vlok, A.L. 2010. Plants of the Klein Karoo. Umdaus Press, Hatfield.

Victor, J.E., Dold, A.P., von Staden, L. & Patel, T. 2021. Freesia corymbosa (Burm.f.) N.E.Br. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version . Accessed on 2024/07/13

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Distribution map

© J.H. Vlok/A.L. Schutte-Vlok

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