Scientific Name
Gladiolus ochroleucus Baker
Higher Classification
Gladiolus kirkii Baker, Gladiolus masoniorum C.H.Wright, Gladiolus reductus Baker, Gladiolus stanfordiae L.Bolus, Gladiolus triangularis G.J.Lewis
Common Names
Pypie (a)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Least Concern
Assessment Date
L. von Staden
Gladiolus ochroleucus is widespread, common and not in danger of extinction. It has an extent of occurrence (EOO) of 220 576 km², and is therefore listed as Least Concern.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal
This species is endemic to South Africa, and occurs from the Suurberg west of Grahamstown and the southern foothills of the Amathole Mountains near Kings William's Town in the Eastern Cape eastwards towards Byrne in southern Kwazulu-Natal.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Amathole Montane Grassland, Bhisho Thornveld, Hamburg Dune Thicket, South Eastern Coastal Thornveld, Grahamstown Grassland Thicket, Transkei Coastal Belt, Buffels Valley Thicket, Kasouga Dune Thicket, Nanaga Savanna Thicket, Pondoland-Ugu Sandstone Coastal Sourveld, Suurberg Quartzite Fynbos, Albany Valley Thicket, East Griqualand Grassland, Mabela Sandy Grassland, Mthatha Moist Grassland, Tsomo Grassland, Moist Coast Hinterland Grassland, Midlands Mistbelt Grassland, Ngongoni Veld, Eastern Valley Bushveld, Drakensberg Foothill Moist Grassland
It grows in grassland and light bush or woodland from close to the coast to mountain slopes. Plants have no particular soil preference, but can most often be found in coastal sandstone-derived soils on light clay.
About 30% of this species' habitat is irreversibly modified, predominantly due to historical loss to timber plantations, urban expansion and crop cultivation. Comparative land cover datasets (1990-2014) show no significant ongoing habitat loss, although localized, sporadic decline may still occur.

It is a widespread and common species (Goldblatt and Manning 1998). No significant ongoing population decline is suspected.

Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Gladiolus ochroleucus BakerLeast Concern Raimondo et al. (2009)

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 1998. Gladiolus in southern Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeberg.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

von Staden, L. 2020. Gladiolus ochroleucus Baker. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version . Accessed on 2024/04/17

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Distribution map

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