Taxonomy
Scientific Name
Gladiolus acuminatus F.Bolus
Higher Classification
Monocotyledons
Family
IRIDACEAE
National Status
Status and Criteria
Endangered B1ab(iii,v)
Assessment Date
2006/04/19
Assessor(s)
P. Goldblatt, D. Raimondo & J.E. Victor
Justification
EOO<1403 km², fewer than five known locations remain. It has lost more than 80% of its habitat to wheat cultivation and continues to decline due to ongoing habitat loss and degradation as a result of alien plant invasion, overgrazing and loss of pollinators due to fragmentation.
Distribution
Endemism
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Western Cape
Range
Caledon to Bredasdorp.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Terrestrial
Major habitats
Central Ruens Shale Renosterveld, Western Ruens Shale Renosterveld, Elim Ferricrete Fynbos
Description
Renosterveld in stony clay soils on flats and north-facing slopes at low elevation.
Threats
Invasive Alien Species (direct effects), Habitat loss, Habitat degradation, Changes in native species dynamics
Population
Population trend
Decreasing
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Gladiolus acuminatus F.BolusEN B1ab(iii,v)Raimondo et al. (2009)
Gladiolus acuminatus F.BolusRare Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Gladiolus acuminatus F.BolusUncertain Hall et al. (1980)
Bibliography

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.


Hall, A.V., De Winter, M., De Winter, B. and Van Oosterhout, S.A.M. 1980. Threatened plants of southern Africa. South African National Scienctific Programmes Report 45. CSIR, Pretoria.


Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.


Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.


Citation
Goldblatt, P., Raimondo, D. & Victor, J.E. 2006. Gladiolus acuminatus F.Bolus. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2020/07/05

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Distribution map


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