Scientific Name
Gladiolus meliusculus (G.J.Lewis) Goldblatt & J.C.Manning
Higher Classification
Gladiolus alatus L. var. meliusculus G.J.Lewis
Common Names
Kalkoentjie (a)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Near Threatened B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)+2ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)
Assessment Date
R. Koopman, N.A. Helme & L. von Staden
A formerly more widespread species (historical EOO 3699 km²), now largely restricted to a small area around Darling, Malmesbury and Atlantis (current EOO 953 km²), due to more than 80% habitat loss, predominantly to urban expansion and crop cultivation. Between 10 and 13 locations remain, and decline continues.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Western Cape
Hopefield to Cape Peninsula.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Swartland Shale Renosterveld, Peninsula Shale Renosterveld, Swartland Granite Renosterveld, Boland Granite Fynbos, Atlantis Sand Fynbos
Seasonally damp sandy flats and granite and shale renosterveld.
Less than 20% of this species' lowland fynbos habitat remains due to loss to urban expansion, crop cultivation, and degradation as a result of dense infestations of alien invasive plants. Remaining subpopulations are confined to small remnants of natural vegetation, and are threatened by ongoing habitat loss and degradation, particularly ongoing urban expansion, spreading alien invasive plants and inappropriate fire management.

Currently, between 10 and 13 subpopulations remain, mostly within a small area between Darling, Malmesbury and Atlantis. Most subpopulations are small, consisting of <500 mature individuals, and occur on small remnants of natural vegetation. At least two subpopulations however occur on large, relatively undisturbed fragments, and are estimated to have >1000 mature individuals.

Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Gladiolus meliusculus (G.J.Lewis) Goldblatt & J.C.ManningVU B1ab(ii,iii,iv,v)2012.1
Gladiolus meliusculus (G.J.Lewis) Goldblatt & J.C.ManningVU B1ab(ii,iii,iv,v)Raimondo et al. (2009)

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Koopman, R., Helme, N.A. & von Staden, L. 2013. Gladiolus meliusculus (G.J.Lewis) Goldblatt & J.C.Manning. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version . Accessed on 2024/04/14

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Distribution map

© M. Treurnicht

© I. Ebrahim

© I. Ebrahim

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