Scientific Name
Gladiolus merianellus (L.) Thunb.
Higher Classification
Gladiolus bonaspei Goldblatt & M.P.de Vos, Homoglossum merianellum (Thunb.) Baker, Homoglossum merianellum (Thunb.) Baker var. aureum G.J.Lewis, Petamenes pilosus (Klatt) Goldblatt
Common Names
Vlamme (a)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Near Threatened D2
Assessment Date
J.E. Victor & L. von Staden
Six to 10 locations are potentially threatened by alien plant invasion.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Western Cape
Cape Peninsula.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Seasonally damp, peaty sand, both on flats near the coast and at higher elevations.
Some areas on the Peninsula where this species grows are quite badly infested by alien invasive Acacias and Pines, e.g. Miller's Point, Klawer Vlei (naval property), along the road from Scarborough to Klaasjagers and in some parts of the Silvermine Reserve. Large scale alien clearing was conducted a few years ago by the Working for Water project, but in some areas, e.g. Silvermine, many Acacia seedlings have come up after fires from soil-stored seed banks.
Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Gladiolus merianellus (L.) Thunb.NT D22014.1
Gladiolus bonaspei Goldblatt & M.P.de VosNT D2Raimondo et al. (2009)
Gladiolus bonaspei Goldblatt & M.P.de VosRare Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Homoglossum merianellum (Thunb.) Baker var. merianellumIndeterminate Hall et al. (1980)
Homoglossum merianellum (Thunb.) Baker var. aureum G.J.LewisIndeterminate Hall et al. (1980)

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.

Hall, A.V., De Winter, M., De Winter, B. and Van Oosterhout, S.A.M. 1980. Threatened plants of southern Africa. South African National Scienctific Programmes Report 45. CSIR, Pretoria.

Helme, N.A. and Trinder-Smith, T.H. 2006. The endemic flora of the Cape Peninsula, South Africa. South African Journal of Botany 72(2):205-210.

Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Manning, J.C. and Goldblatt, P. 2012. Plants of the Greater Cape Floristic Region 1: The Core Cape Flora. Strelitzia 29. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Victor, J.E. & von Staden, L. 2006. Gladiolus merianellus (L.) Thunb. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2022/07/06

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Distribution map

© C. Paterson-Jones

© C. Merry

© C. Merry

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