Taxonomy
Scientific Name
Erica gracilipes Guthrie & Bolus
Higher Classification
Dicotyledons
Family
ERICACEAE
National Status
Status and Criteria
Critically Endangered B1ab(iii,v)
Assessment Date
2011/06/07
Assessor(s)
R.C. Turner, E.G.H. Oliver & D. Raimondo
Justification
EOO 45 km², known from three severely fragmented subpopulations, all of which are threatened by invasive alien acacias. This species is also threatened by harvesting for the cut flower industry and by loss of habitat as a result of protea cultivation.
Distribution
Endemism
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Western Cape
Range
Southern Agulhas Plain.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Terrestrial
Major habitats
Agulhas Limestone Fynbos
Description
Limestone pavements and depressions on limestone ridges.
Threats
Flower harvesting: This highly localized species is commonly found in flower bunches during season, and being single-stemmed and poorly-branched, picking is potentially fatal. Acacia cyclops infestations threaten this species, especially at Groot Hagelkraal and Soetanysberg, on flats and ridges. Some clearing is ongoing, but a substantial infestation and seed bank remains. Disturbance due to the cultivation of proteas threatens this species' habitat on the Soetanysberg. Frequent fires are also a threat, the area where this species occurs has burnt twice within the past 10 years.
Population
Population trend
Decreasing
Conservation
Agulhas National Park, although it is still severely threatened by Acacia cyclops and wildflower harvesting.
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Erica gracilipes Guthrie & BolusCR B2ab(iii,v)Raimondo et al. (2009)
Erica gracilipes Guthrie & BolusIndeterminate Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Bibliography

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.


Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.


Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.


Schumann, D., Kirsten, G. and Oliver, E.G.H. 1992. Ericas of South Africa. Fernwood Press, Cape Town.


Citation
Turner, R.C., Oliver, E.G.H. & Raimondo, D. 2011. Erica gracilipes Guthrie & Bolus. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2020/11/24

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Distribution map

© R.C. Turner

© R.C. Turner

© I. Ebrahim

© I. Ebrahim


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