Taxonomy
Scientific Name
Erica kraussiana Klotzsch
Higher Classification
Dicotyledons
Family
ERICACEAE
National Status
Status and Criteria
Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)
Assessment Date
2007/02/07
Assessor(s)
E.G.H. Oliver & R.C. Turner
Justification
Not seen since the type collection which was made 100 years ago. Possibly extinct as it is likely to have occurred on the south-facing slopes above Genadendal, an area that has been severely degraded as a result of pine plantations and too frequent fires over the past 30 years. Searches have thus far failed to relocate this species.
Distribution
Endemism
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Western Cape
Range
Riviersonderend Mountains.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Terrestrial
Major habitats
South Sonderend Sandstone Fynbos
Description
Lower south-facing slopes, 300-600 m.
Threats
Quite likely extinct due to habitat loss to timber plantations, invasive alien plants and too frequent fire.
Population
Population trend
Unknown
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Erica kraussiana KlotzschCritically Endangered (Possibly Extinct) Raimondo et al. (2009)
Erica kraussiana KlotzschInsufficiently Known Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Erica kraussiana KlotzschUncertain Hall et al. (1980)
Bibliography

Bolus, H., Guthrie, F. and Brown, N.E. 1909. Ericaceae. In: W.T. Thiselton-Dyer (ed). Flora Capensis IV Section I (Vacciniaceae to Gentianeae):2-418. Lovell Reeve & Co., Ltd., London.


Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.


Hall, A.V., De Winter, M., De Winter, B. and Van Oosterhout, S.A.M. 1980. Threatened plants of southern Africa. South African National Scienctific Programmes Report 45. CSIR, Pretoria.


Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.


Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.


Citation
Oliver, E.G.H. & Turner, R.C. 2007. Erica kraussiana Klotzsch. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2023/02/02

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Distribution map


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