Giant Wild Anemone

Scientific Name
Anemone fanninii Harv. ex Mast.
Higher Classification
Common Names
Anemoon (a), Giant Wild Anemone (e), Syblom (a), Umanzamnyama (z)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Near Threatened A2d
Assessment Date
V.L. Williams, D. Raimondo, N.R. Crouch, A.B. Cunningham, C.R. Scott-Shaw, M. Lötter & A.M. Ngwenya
We estimate an overall decline of 20% in the last 30 years (generation length 10 years) due to harvesting for the traditional medicine trade. There are many areas within its Drakensberg range that are protected and/or inaccessible to harvesters.
Not endemic to South Africa
Provincial distribution
Eastern Cape, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Drakensberg Foothill Moist Grassland, Southern Drakensberg Highland Grassland, Northern Drakensberg Highland Grassland, Drakensberg-Amathole Afromontane Fynbos, uKhahlamba Basalt Grassland, Lesotho Highland Basalt Grassland, Drakensberg Afroalpine Heathland, Basotho Montane Shrubland, Midlands Mistbelt Grassland, Southern KwaZulu-Natal Moist Grassland, East Griqualand Grassland, Moist Coast Hinterland Grassland, Low Escarpment Moist Grassland, Northern KwaZulu-Natal Moist Grassland, Mooi River Highland Grassland, Senqu Montane Shrubland
Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Anemone fanninii Harv. ex Mast.NT A2dRaimondo et al. (2009)

Cunningham, A.B. 1988. An investigation of the herbal medicine trade in Natal/KwaZulu. Investigational Report No. 29. Institute of Natural Resources, Pietermaritzburg.

Manning, J.C. and Goldblatt, P. 2013. A taxonomic review of the dry-fruited species of Anemone (Ranunculaceae) in southern Africa. Bothalia 43(1):1-13.

Pooley, E. 2003. Mountain flowers: a field guide to the flora of the Drakensberg and Lesotho. Natal Flora Publications Trust, Durban.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Williams, V.L. 2003. Hawkers of health: an investigation of the Faraday Street traditional medicine market in Johannesburg. Report to Gauteng Directorate for Nature Conservation, DACEL.

Williams, V.L. 2007. The design of a risk assessment model to determine the impact of the herbal medicine trade on the Witwatersrand on resources of indigenous plant species. Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.

Williams, V.L., Raimondo, D., Crouch, N.R., Cunningham, A.B., Scott-Shaw, C.R., Lötter, M. & Ngwenya, A.M. 2024. Anemone fanninii Harv. ex Mast. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version . Accessed on 2024/07/22

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Distribution map

© C. Stirton

© C. Stirton

© C. Stirton

© A. Matcher

© A. Matcher

© C. Grant

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