Scientific Name
Apodolirion macowanii Baker
Higher Classification
National Status
Status and Criteria
Vulnerable A3c; B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)
Assessment Date
A.P. Dold, D.A. Snijman & D. Raimondo
Known from widely scattered locations between the Fish River valley and Jeffrey's Bay. Of the six known locations, two have already been lost to urban expansion in Port Elizabeth. Two more subpopulations will be severely impacted, with 80% of their individuals and habitat lost due to urban and industrial development, which is planned to take place in the next 10 years at Papiesfontein and Coega. The future loss is estimated to result in a 33% decline.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Eastern Cape
Fish River to Jeffrey's Bay.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Humansdorp Shale Renosterveld, Sundays Valley Thicket, Sundays Mesic Thicket, Grahamstown Grassland Thicket, Fish Arid Thicket, Bethelsdorp Bontveld, Albany Bontveld
Heavy clay soils in renosterveld or valley bushveld.
Industrial development at Coega is likely to cause the loss of the largest known subpopulation, which is likely to lead to at least a 30% reduction in the population within the next 10 years. Plants at two locations known from historical records are already likely to be extinct due to urban expansion of Port Elizabeth. Subpopulations east of the Kabeljous River are threatened by ongoing habitat loss to further urban expansion. Subpopulations around Grahamstown are threatened by habitat degradation as a result of severe overgrazing.

This species has been seldom collected, and mainly prior to the 1950s. The only population seen was on the farm Slaaikraal outside Grahamstown, where the habitat was very degraded as a result of grazing. The plants are scattered within the distribution over a large area (they are usually solitary). (D. Snijman pers. comm. 2004). It is fairly common at Coega (A.P. Dold, pers. obs.), but this whole subpopulation is likely to be lost to industrial development. It also occurs in a few places around Grahamstown, and towards Fort Brown, and is possibly more common than collections indicate, as the species is cryptic and easily overlooked (A.P. Dold pers. comm.).

Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Apodolirion macowanii BakerVU A3c; B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)Raimondo et al. (2009)
Apodolirion macowanii BakerData Deficient Victor (2002)

Baker, J.G. 1896. Amaryllideae. In: W.T. Thiselton-Dyer (ed). Flora Capensis VI (Haemodoraceae to Liliaceae):171-246. L. Reeve & Co., London.

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Victor, J.E. 2002. South Africa. In: J.S. Golding (ed), Southern African plant Red Data Lists. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 14 (pp. 93-120), SABONET, Pretoria.

Victor, J.E. and Dold, A.P. 2003. Threatened plants of the Albany Centre of Floristic Endemism, South Africa. South African Journal of Science 99:437-446.

Dold, A.P., Snijman, D.A. & Raimondo, D. 2007. Apodolirion macowanii Baker. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2020/07/09

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Distribution map

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