Scientific Name
Brunsvigia elandsmontana Snijman
Higher Classification
National Status
Status and Criteria
Critically Rare
Assessment Date
D.A. Snijman & D. Raimondo
A restricted endemic known from one location where it occurs on transition soils between sandstone and clay. The majority of similar surrounding habitat has been transformed by wheat cultivation over the past 80 years. It has an extent of occurrence (EOO) and area of occupancy (AOO) of 4 km². This species was listed as Critically Endangered in 2007 however the only known location has been formerly protected since 2008. Annual monitoring of the population shows that it is stable, this species is therefore downlisted to Critically Rare under South Africa's Red List categories but is considered Least Concern according to the international IUCN Red Listing system.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Western Cape
This species occurs near Wellington, in the Western Cape Province of South Africa.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Swartland Shale Renosterveld, Swartland Alluvium Fynbos
Plants grow on pebbly soils on flats growing in transition soils between Swartland Alluvium Fynbos and Swartland Shale Renosterveld.
There are no current threats to this species, the only known site was declared a Nature Reserve in 2008. While only known from this one reserve it is likely to have occurs more widely on the same soils transition on neighbouring properties in the past. All of this habitat has been ploughed for crop cultivation most habitat was converted just after world war II between 1945 and 1960.

There is only one subpopulation known for this species it occurs on privately owned land that has been included in South Africa's protected area network via contracting as a Nature Reserve. The population is stable and consists of between 1000 and 5000 mature individuals.

Population trend
It is conserved in the Elandsberg Private Nature Reserve.
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Brunsvigia elandsmontana SnijmanCR B1ab(v)Raimondo et al. (2009)
Brunsvigia elandsmontana SnijmanVU D2Victor (2002)

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Snijman, D.A. 2001. A new species of Brunsvigia (Amaryllideae) from Western Cape, South Africa. Bothalia 31(1):34-37.

Victor, J.E. 2002. South Africa. In: J.S. Golding (ed), Southern African plant Red Data Lists. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 14 (pp. 93-120), SABONET, Pretoria.

Snijman, D.A. & Raimondo, D. 2022. Brunsvigia elandsmontana Snijman. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version . Accessed on 2024/06/14

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Distribution map

© C. Paterson-Jones

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