Amaryllis paradisicola

Scientific Name
Amaryllis paradisicola Snijman
Higher Classification
National Status
Status and Criteria
Vulnerable D2
Assessment Date
D.A. Snijman, P.C.V. Van Wyk, D. Raimondo & L. von Staden
An extremely rare habitat specialist, known from two small, isolated subpopulations, and potentially threatened by collecting and disturbance by baboons.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Northern Cape
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Central Richtersveld Mountain Shrubland
Shaded quartzite cliffs.
Foraging baboons are damaging fruiting heads, and sometimes dislodging individuals from cliff ledges. This should not be a threat, but because the population of A. paradisicola is so small, it is likely to increase this its risk of extinction. Severe degradation of rangelands across the Richtersveld due to overgrazing is causing wild species such as baboons to be increasingly forced to forage in areas inaccessible to livestock, such as this species' habitat, as these are the only places where suitable food sources remain. The species is also targeted for medicinal collection in the Richtersveld, but the extent of the impact is not known. Most plants occur on inaccessible rock ledges where they are unlikely to be reached, but those on lower slopes may be targeted.

Known from only two small subpopulations, the largest consisting of around 1000 mature individuals, the second has several hundred mature individuals.

Population trend
Protected in the Richtersveld National Park.
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Amaryllis paradisicola SnijmanVU D1+2Raimondo et al. (2009)
Amaryllis paradisicola SnijmanVU D2Victor (2002)

Duncan, G. 2004. Amaryllis magic: two enchanting Amaryllis species. Veld & Flora 90(4):142-144.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Snijman, D.A. and Williamson, G. 1998. A new species of Amaryllis from the Richtersveld, South Africa. Bothalia 28:192-196.

Victor, J.E. 2002. South Africa. In: J.S. Golding (ed), Southern African plant Red Data Lists. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 14 (pp. 93-120), SABONET, Pretoria.

Snijman, D.A., Van Wyk, P.C.V., Raimondo, D. & von Staden, L. 2015. Amaryllis paradisicola Snijman. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. Accessed on 2019/06/16

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Distribution map

© C. Paterson-Jones

© L. von Staden

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