Haemanthus pumilio

Scientific Name
Haemanthus pumilio Jacq.
Higher Classification
National Status
Status and Criteria
Endangered A2ab; C1
Assessment Date
D.A. Snijman & J.E. Victor
66% of habitat and known subpopulations have been lost within the past 90 years, with at least 20% of this loss taking place in the past 60 years due to crop cultivation and urban development. We suspect that this bulb species is long-lived with a generation length of 30 years. It is now known from two locations with ± 2000 mature individuals. It is threatened by harvesting for horticultural purposes, a deleterious fire regime and predation by locusts and rodents.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Western Cape
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Swartland Granite Renosterveld, Boland Granite Fynbos, Swartland Shale Renosterveld, Swartland Alluvium Fynbos
Renosterveld, in heavy soils on seasonally waterlogged clay flats.
Invasive Alien Species (direct effects), Habitat loss, Harvesting [gathering], Habitat degradation
Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Haemanthus pumilio Jacq.EN A2ab; C1Raimondo et al. (2009)
Haemanthus pumilio Jacq.EN A1acdC1Victor (2002)
Haemanthus pumilio Jacq.Endangered Hilton-Taylor (1996)

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.

Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Smuts, L.M. 1995. Fact Sheet: Haemanthus pumilio. Information System for Endangered Plants (ISEP). Cape Nature Conservation.

Snijman, D.A. 1984. A revision of the genus Haemanthus L. (Amaryllidaceae). Journal of South African Botany Supplement 12:1-139.

Summerfield, A.M. and van der Walt, J.J.A. 1992. Why is Haemanthus pumilo a rare and endangered species. Veld & Flora 78(4):107-109.

Victor, J.E. 2002. South Africa. In: J.S. Golding (ed), Southern African plant Red Data Lists. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 14 (pp. 93-120), SABONET, Pretoria.

Snijman, D.A. & Victor, J.E. 2004. Haemanthus pumilio Jacq. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. Accessed on 2019/05/26

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Distribution map

© C. Paterson-Jones

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