Scientific Name
Aloe pruinosa Reynolds
Higher Classification
Common Names
Icena (z), Icena Elikhulu (z), Kleinaalwyn (a), Slangkop (a), Slangkopaalwyn (a)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Vulnerable B1ab(ii,iii,v)
Assessment Date
J.E. Victor & C.R. Scott-Shaw
A range-restricted species (EOO 1000 km²) centred within a rapidly expanding urban area. Known from 10 locations, but subpopulations are not severely fragmented as Aloes are wind dispersed. Declining mainly due to urban expansion and harvesting for medicinal purposes.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Pietermaritzburg to Mapumulo.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Eastern Valley Bushveld, KwaZulu-Natal Hinterland Thornveld
Savanna, in heavy loam in shaded areas, only in areas of fairly high summer rainfall.
Invasive Alien Species (direct effects), Habitat loss, Habitat degradation, Harvesting [gathering]
Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Aloe pruinosa ReynoldsVU B1ab(ii,iii,v)Raimondo et al. (2009)
Aloe pruinosa ReynoldsVU A1acdeB1B2abceD2Victor (2002)
Aloe pruinosa ReynoldsLower Risk - Near Threatened Scott-Shaw (1999)
Aloe pruinosa ReynoldsRare Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Aloe pruinosa ReynoldsRare Hall et al. (1980)

Crouch, N., Smith, G. and Myeza, N. 1997. Aloe pruinosa: a rare spotted-leaf aloe from the KwaZulu-Natal midlands. PlantLife 17:30-31.

Glen, H.F. and Hardy, D.S. 2000. Aloaceae (First part): Aloe. In: G. Germishuizen (ed). Flora of Southern Africa 5 Part 1, Fascicle 1:1-159. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Hall, A.V., De Winter, M., De Winter, B. and Van Oosterhout, S.A.M. 1980. Threatened plants of southern Africa. South African National Scienctific Programmes Report 45. CSIR, Pretoria.

Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Reynolds, G.W. 1936. A revision of Aloe transvaalensis, O. Kuntze, together with descriptions of three new aloes from the Transvaal, one from Natal and a new Leptoaloe from Zululand. Journal of South African Botany 2:113-124.

Reynolds, G.W. 1969. The Aloes of South Africa. A.A. Balkema, Cape Town.

Scott-Shaw, C.R. 1999. Rare and threatened plants of KwaZulu-Natal and neighbouring regions. KwaZulu-Natal Nature Conservation Service, Pietermaritzburg.

Smith, G.F., Crouch, N. and Condy, G. 1999. Aloe pruinosa. Flowering Plants of Africa 56:2-6.

Van Wyk, B.-E. and Smith, G. 1996. Guide to the aloes of South Africa. Briza Publications, Pretoria.

Victor, J.E. 2002. South Africa. In: J.S. Golding (ed), Southern African plant Red Data Lists. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 14 (pp. 93-120), SABONET, Pretoria.

Victor, J.E. & Scott-Shaw, C.R. 2005. Aloe pruinosa Reynolds. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. Accessed on 2019/09/22

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Distribution map

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