Slangkopaalwyn

Taxonomy
Scientific Name
Aloe pruinosa Reynolds
Higher Classification
Monocotyledons
Family
ASPHODELACEAE
Common Names
Icena (z), Icena Elikhulu (z), Kleinaalwyn (a), Slangkop (a), Slangkopaalwyn (a)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Vulnerable B1ab(ii,iii,v)
Assessment Date
2005/09/19
Assessor(s)
J.E. Victor & C.R. Scott-Shaw
Justification
A range-restricted species (EOO 1000 km²) centred within a rapidly expanding urban area. Known from 10 locations, but subpopulations are not severely fragmented as Aloes are wind dispersed. Declining mainly due to urban expansion and harvesting for medicinal purposes.
Distribution
Endemism
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
KwaZulu-Natal
Range
Pietermaritzburg to Mapumulo.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Terrestrial
Major habitats
Eastern Valley Bushveld, KwaZulu-Natal Hinterland Thornveld
Description
Savanna, in heavy loam in shaded areas, only in areas of fairly high summer rainfall.
Threats
Invasive Alien Species (direct effects), Habitat loss, Habitat degradation, Harvesting [gathering]
Population
Population trend
Decreasing
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Aloe pruinosa ReynoldsVU B1ab(ii,iii,v)Raimondo et al. (2009)
Aloe pruinosa ReynoldsVU A1acdeB1B2abceD2Victor (2002)
Aloe pruinosa ReynoldsLower Risk - Near Threatened Scott-Shaw (1999)
Aloe pruinosa ReynoldsRare Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Aloe pruinosa ReynoldsRare Hall et al. (1980)
Bibliography

Crouch, N., Smith, G. and Myeza, N. 1997. Aloe pruinosa: a rare spotted-leaf aloe from the KwaZulu-Natal midlands. PlantLife 17:30-31.


Glen, H.F. and Hardy, D.S. 2000. Aloaceae (First part): Aloe. In: G. Germishuizen (ed). Flora of Southern Africa 5 Part 1, Fascicle 1:1-159. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.


Hall, A.V., De Winter, M., De Winter, B. and Van Oosterhout, S.A.M. 1980. Threatened plants of southern Africa. South African National Scienctific Programmes Report 45. CSIR, Pretoria.


Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.


Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.


Reynolds, G.W. 1936. A revision of Aloe transvaalensis, O. Kuntze, together with descriptions of three new aloes from the Transvaal, one from Natal and a new Leptoaloe from Zululand. Journal of South African Botany 2:113-124.


Reynolds, G.W. 1969. The Aloes of South Africa. A.A. Balkema, Cape Town.


Scott-Shaw, C.R. 1999. Rare and threatened plants of KwaZulu-Natal and neighbouring regions. KwaZulu-Natal Nature Conservation Service, Pietermaritzburg.


Smith, G.F., Crouch, N. and Condy, G. 1999. Aloe pruinosa. Flowering Plants of Africa 56:2-6.


Van Wyk, B.-E. and Smith, G. 1996. Guide to the aloes of South Africa. Briza Publications, Pretoria.


Victor, J.E. 2002. South Africa. In: J.S. Golding (ed), Southern African plant Red Data Lists. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 14 (pp. 93-120), SABONET, Pretoria.


Citation
Victor, J.E. & Scott-Shaw, C.R. 2005. Aloe pruinosa Reynolds. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. Accessed on 2018/11/21

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Distribution map

© R. Boon


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