Aloe reitzii var. vernalis

Scientific Name
Aloe reitzii Reynolds var. vernalis D.S.Hardy
Higher Classification
National Status
Status and Criteria
Critically Endangered B1ab(v)+2ab(v)
Assessment Date
J.E. Victor & E. van Wyk
Highly range-restricted (EOO and AOO <1 km²). Two known subpopulations at one location is declining as a result of harvesting for medicinal purposes and baboon damage.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
KwaZulu-Natal Highland Thornveld
Stony grassland, in well-drained, humus-rich soil on steep, broken granite slopes, 935 m.
When Erich van Wyk visited the population to collect seed for the Millennium Seed Bank project, he observed mature individuals that were dislodged from the cliff face where they grow and had fallen down into the riverbed. It is not known what had caused these plants to have become dislodged. According to the farmer, baboons like to eat the flowers and may have pushed over plants to reach the flowers. Monitoring of the population is required to determine whether this is causing an ongoing decline in the population.
Population trend
Although the species is not in a formally conserved area, the landowner is aware of the status of the population on his farm and is concerned about the conservation of the population at present.
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Aloe reitzii Reynolds var. vernalis D.S.HardyCR B1ab(v)+2ab(v)Raimondo et al. (2009)
Aloe reitzii Reynolds var. vernalis D.S.HardyVU D2Victor (2002)
Aloe reitzii ReynoldsData Deficient Scott-Shaw (1999)
Aloe reitzii Reynolds var. vernalis D.S.HardyRare Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Aloe reitzii Reynolds var. vernalis D.S.HardyUncertain Hall et al. (1980)

Glen, H.F. and Hardy, D.S. 2000. Aloaceae (First part): Aloe. In: G. Germishuizen (ed). Flora of Southern Africa 5 Part 1, Fascicle 1:1-159. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Hall, A.V., De Winter, M., De Winter, B. and Van Oosterhout, S.A.M. 1980. Threatened plants of southern Africa. South African National Scienctific Programmes Report 45. CSIR, Pretoria.

Hardy, D.S. and Reid, C. 1981. A new variety of Aloe from the Vryheid district: Aloe reitzii var vernalis. Bothalia 13(3&4):451-452.

Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Scott-Shaw, C.R. 1999. Rare and threatened plants of KwaZulu-Natal and neighbouring regions. KwaZulu-Natal Nature Conservation Service, Pietermaritzburg.

Victor, J.E. 2002. South Africa. In: J.S. Golding (ed), Southern African plant Red Data Lists. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 14 (pp. 93-120), SABONET, Pretoria.

Victor, J.E. & van Wyk, E. 2007. Aloe reitzii Reynolds var. vernalis D.S.Hardy. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. Accessed on 2019/06/16

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Distribution map

© E. van Wyk

© E. van Wyk

© E. van Wyk

© E. van Wyk

© E. van Wyk

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