Aloe reynoldsii Letty
|Yellow Spineless Aloe (e)|
Status and Criteria
|L. von Staden, J.E. Victor & G.F. Smith|
|A range-restricted species (EOO 120-300 km²) that occurs in a very specialized habitat. Although collecting may still cause sporadic local declines, the population is mostly in inaccessible sites that are unlikely to be targeted, especially since the species has been introduced into cultivation.|
|South African endemic|
|Mbashe River Catchment up to 50 km inland.|
Habitat and Ecology
|Indian Ocean Coastal Belt, Savanna|
|Grows wedged in rock crevices on exposed sites on steep cliffs above rivers.|
|Van Wyk and Smith (1996) places A. reynoldsii in the category Vulnerable, but do not supply specific reasons for this decision. Reynolds (1969) mentions observations that many plants were removed, presumably by succulent collectors, at the type locality after the publication of this species. However, A. reynoldsii is found in very inaccessible sites in an area of South Africa characterized by extremely poor road infrastructure, and it is very likely that there are a number of other unknown and inaccessible sites where the plants cannot be seen from roads nor reached on steep cliffs and it is unlikely that collecting would eradicate a large proportion of the population.
Many steep forested cliffs from the mouth of the Mbashe River to about 10 km upstream is invaded by exotic Lantana. However, photographs of the habitat in Reynolds (1969) indicates that A. reynoldsii grows on exposed, presumably warmer north-facing cliffs that are not forested. Lantana is generally restricted to semi-shaded forest edges and clearings and probably would not invade exposed sites.
Surrounding grasslands are highly transformed by subsistence agriculture and overgrazing (E. van Jaarsveld pers. obs.) but this is unlikely to impact on the particular habitat of A. reynoldsii. E. van Jaarsveld (pers. comm.) do not believe that this species is particularly threatened or facing possible extinction.|
|Not recorded from any formally protected area.|
|von Staden, L., Victor, J.E. & Smith, G.F. 2006. Aloe reynoldsii Letty. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. Accessed on 2019/12/06|