Aloe vossii

Scientific Name
Aloe vossii Reynolds
Higher Classification
National Status
Status and Criteria
Data Deficient - Taxonomically Problematic
Assessment Date
P.J.D. Winter & J.E. Victor
A. vossii was formerly listed as critically rare (Hilton-Taylor 1996, Hilton-Taylor and Smith 1994) and Endangered (Victor 2002). This is also one of few Aloe species listed on CITES appendix 1 as being threatened with extinction and requiring regulation of trade. However, current opinion on this species is that it is probably not as rare as was thought in the past and furthermore that it is probably not distinct from the widespread A. verecunda (status LC). However, until the taxonomy can be resolved - the concept of A. vossii might be retained as a variant of A. verecunda - this taxon is kept on the Red List As Data Deficient. Past threats to this species are also being mitigated largely due to many private landowners in the Soutpansberg converting their land to nature conservancies and it may become possible that the status of this taxon may be changed to Least Concern in future.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Rocky areas in mistbelt grassland. Altitude 1500-1700 m.
Willis and Willis (1995) mention bush encroachment of the grassland habitat by indigenous vegetation, alien invasive encroachment, too frequent fires and trampling by livestock as potential threats to A. vossii. Too frequent fires prohibits the growth of mature individuals as well as the establishment of seedlings (Willis and Willis 1995) and promotes the encroachment of the habitat by bracken fern (Craib 2005). Parts of the habitat has also been converted to timber plantations in the past (Craib 2005). According to Craib (2005) many landowners on the Soutpansberg have recently been persuaded to convert their land to private nature conservancies, and this is likely to prevent further serious declines in A. vossii subpopulations.
Population trend
Its relationship to the Aloe verecunda complex should be readdressed. (P.J.D Winter pers. comm.) According to Craib (2005) variability within A. vossii and the closely related A. verecunda often leads to plants of the two species being virtually indistinguishable. Craib (2005) believes that A. vossii could only be considered as an ecotype or variant of A. verecunda. A. vossii is one of the few species of South African Aloes listed on CITES Appendix 1.
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Aloe vossii ReynoldsData Deficient (Taxonomically Problematic) Raimondo et al. (2009)
Aloe vossii ReynoldsEN B1B2bcdeVictor (2002)
Aloe vossii ReynoldsRare Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Aloe vossii ReynoldsRare Hall et al. (1980)

Craib, C. 2005. Grass Aloes in the South African Veld. Umdaus Press, Hatfield.

Hahn, N. 2002. Endemic flora of the Soutpansberg. Unpublished MSc, Univeristy of Natal, Pitermaritzburg.

Hall, A.V., De Winter, M., De Winter, B. and Van Oosterhout, S.A.M. 1980. Threatened plants of southern Africa. South African National Scienctific Programmes Report 45. CSIR, Pretoria.

Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Van Wyk, B.-E. and Smith, G. 2003. Guide to aloes of South Africa. (2nd ed.). Briza Publications, Pretoria.

Victor, J.E. 2002. South Africa. In: J.S. Golding (ed), Southern African plant Red Data Lists. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 14 (pp. 93-120), SABONET, Pretoria.

Willis, C.K. and Willis, C.B. 1995. Notes on the current conservation status of Aloe vossii Reynolds, a threatened endemic of the Northern Province. Aloe 32(2):34-37.

Winter, P.J.D. & Victor, J.E. 2009. Aloe vossii Reynolds. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. Accessed on 2018/11/21

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Distribution map

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