Impundu

Taxonomy
Scientific Name
Gasteria croucheri (Hook.f.) Baker
Higher Classification
Monocotyledons
Family
ASPHODELACEAE
Synonyms
Aloe croucheri Hook.f., Gasteria disticha (L.) Haw. var. natalensis Baker
Common Names
Bosaalwee (a), Bosaalwyn (a), Gasteria (e), Impundu (z), Iqhomololo (z)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Vulnerable A2d
Assessment Date
2007/08/07
Assessor(s)
E.J. van Jaarsveld & D. Raimondo
Justification
A 30% decline in the number of mature individuals over the past three generations is suspected (generation length 30-40 years). Decline is the result of consistently high rates of harvesting of adult individuals for the medicinal plant trade.
Distribution
Endemism
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal
Range
Mapumulo to Port St. Johns.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Terrestrial
Major habitats
Scarp Forest
Description
Scarp forest, on sandstone outcrops and cliffs, usually in partial shade in dry areas, 200-600 m.
Threats
Seen at Faraday traditional medicine market, but not in large quantities (10-15 plants). Common at KwaZulu-Natal medicinal markets.
Population
Population trend
Decreasing
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Gasteria pendulifolia Van Jaarsv.Data Deficient (Taxonomically Problematic) 2012.1
Gasteria croucheri (Hook.f.) BakerVU A2dRaimondo et al. (2009)
Gasteria pendulifolia Van Jaarsv.Data Deficient (Taxonomically Problematic) Raimondo et al. (2009)
Gasteria croucheri (Hook.f.) BakerVU Scott-Shaw (1999)
Gasteria croucheri (Hook.f.) BakerVulnerable Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Bibliography

Crouch, N., Smith, G. and Symmonds, R. 2000. Gasteria croucheri - the magical impundu of the Zulu. British Cactus and Succulent Journal 18(2):70-78.


Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.


Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.


Scott-Shaw, C.R. 1999. Rare and threatened plants of KwaZulu-Natal and neighbouring regions. KwaZulu-Natal Nature Conservation Service, Pietermaritzburg.


Smith, G.F., Crouch, N.R. and Condy, G. 1997. Gasteria croucheri. Flowering Plants of Africa 55:20-23.


Citation
van Jaarsveld, E.J. & Raimondo, D. 2007. Gasteria croucheri (Hook.f.) Baker. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. Accessed on 2018/12/19

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Distribution map

© E.J. van Jaarsveld

© E.J. van Jaarsveld


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