Satyrium muticum

Taxonomy
Scientific Name
Satyrium muticum Lindl.
Higher Classification
Monocotyledons
Family
ORCHIDACEAE
National Status
Status and Criteria
Critically Endangered C2a(ii)
Assessment Date
2007/07/21
Assessor(s)
H. Kurzweil, W.R. Liltved, S.D. Johnson, J.H. Vlok & L. von Staden
Justification
EOO<5000 km², a naturally very rare species known from three locations. Extinct at one site due to coastal development. Loss to urban development and agriculture is ongoing. There are fewer than 250 mature individuals, and one subpopulation has 90% of the total population.
Distribution
Endemism
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Western Cape
Range
Riversdale to Knysna and northern slopes of Langeberg Mountains.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Terrestrial
Major habitats
Mossel Bay Shale Renosterveld, Groot Brak Dune Strandveld, North Langeberg Sandstone Fynbos, Albertinia Sand Fynbos
Description
Relatively dry to moist slopes, up to 200 m.
Threats
Habitat loss
Population
Population trend
Decreasing
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Satyrium muticum Lindl.CR C2a(ii)Raimondo et al. (2009)
Satyrium muticum Lindl.EN B1B2abcVictor (2002)
Satyrium muticum Lindl.Endangered Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Satyrium muticum Lindl.Endangered Hall et al. (1980)
Bibliography

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.


Hall, A.V., De Winter, M., De Winter, B. and Van Oosterhout, S.A.M. 1980. Threatened plants of southern Africa. South African National Scienctific Programmes Report 45. CSIR, Pretoria.


Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.


Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.


Victor, J.E. 2002. South Africa. In: J.S. Golding (ed), Southern African plant Red Data Lists. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 14 (pp. 93-120), SABONET, Pretoria.


Vlok, J. and Schutte-Vlok, A.L. 2010. Plants of the Klein Karoo. Umdaus Press, Hatfield.


Citation
Kurzweil, H., Liltved, W.R., Johnson, S.D., Vlok, J.H. & von Staden, L. 2007. Satyrium muticum Lindl. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. Accessed on 2019/02/23

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Distribution map

© J.H. Vlok/A.L. Schutte-Vlok

© J.H. Vlok/A.L. Schutte-Vlok


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