Rooi Trewwa

Taxonomy
Scientific Name
Satyrium carneum (Dryand.) Sims
Higher Classification
Monocotyledons
Family
ORCHIDACEAE
Synonyms
Orchis carnea Dryand.
Common Names
Rooi Trewwa (a), Rooikappie (a), Rooitrewwa (a)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Near Threatened B1ab(ii,iii,iv,v)
Assessment Date
2005/09/02
Assessor(s)
H. Kurzweil & J.E. Victor
Justification
EOO 15 538 km², known from 15-20 locations. More than 40% of habitat and subpopulations have been lost due to urban and coastal development. Loss due to harvesting for horticultural purposes, urban development, alien plant invasion and crop cultivation is ongoing.
Distribution
Endemism
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Western Cape
Range
Cape Peninsula to Stilbaai.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Terrestrial
Major habitats
Fynbos
Description
In dune bush vegetation, in fynbos on coastal hills and on ridges on moist to dry sands and limestone, 10-300 m.
Population
Population trend
Decreasing
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Satyrium carneum (Dryand.) SimsNT B1ab(ii,iii,iv,v)Raimondo et al. (2009)
Satyrium carneum (Dryand.) SimsLower Risk - Near Threatened Victor (2002)
Satyrium carneum (Dryand.) SimsIndeterminate Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Bibliography

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.


Hall, A.V. 1982. A revision of the southern African species of Satyrium. Contributions from the Bolus Herbarium 10:1-142.


Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.


Liltved, W.R. and Johnson, S.D. Unpublished. The Cape Orchids - Wild orchids of the Cape Floral Kingdom.


Linder, H.P. and Kurzweil, H. 1999. Orchids of southern Africa. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.


Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.


Victor, J.E. 2002. South Africa. In: J.S. Golding (ed), Southern African plant Red Data Lists. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 14 (pp. 93-120), SABONET, Pretoria.


Vlok, J. and Schutte-Vlok, A.L. 2010. Plants of the Klein Karoo. Umdaus Press, Hatfield.


Citation
Kurzweil, H. & Victor, J.E. 2005. Satyrium carneum (Dryand.) Sims. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. Accessed on 2019/10/15

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Distribution map

© C. Merry

© C. Merry

© C. Merry

© C. Paterson-Jones

© C. Paterson-Jones

© J.H. Vlok/A.L. Schutte-Vlok

© J.H. Vlok/A.L. Schutte-Vlok

© Outramps


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