Tassel Orchid

Scientific Name
Holothrix randii Rendle
Higher Classification
Holothrix reckii Bolus
Common Names
Tassel Orchid (e)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Near Threatened B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii); C2a(i)
Assessment Date
M.F. Pfab & J.E. Victor
In South Africa, known from 12 locations, EOO 4400 km² and AOO<10 km². The total population is estimated to be around 4000-6000 individuals and two subpopulations consist of over 1000 individuals (max 1500 and 1200 individuals, respectively). There is a continuing decline due to habitat loss within Gauteng.
Not endemic to South Africa
Provincial distribution
Gauteng, Limpopo
Gauteng and Limpopo Province, Zimbabwe, Tanzania and Kenya.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Grassy slopes and rock ledges, usually southern aspects.
In South Africa this species is mainly declining as a result of urban expansion in the Gauteng area. May have declined as a result of habitat transformation due to agriculture in Limpopo (status of subpopulation(s) unknown. Other minor threats include unsuitable fire regimes, erosion and trampling.
Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Holothrix randii RendleNT B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii); C2a(i)Raimondo et al. (2009)
Holothrix randii RendleVU B1+2ab(i,ii,iii,iv)Pfab and Victor (2002)
Holothrix randii RendleVU B1B2abcdVictor (2002)
Holothrix randii RendleNot Threatened Hilton-Taylor (1996)

Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Immelman, K.L. 1996. FSA contributions 6: Orchidaceae: Holothrix. Bothalia 26(2):125-140.

La Croix, I. and Cribb, P.J. 1995. Orchidaceae. In: G.V. Pope (ed). Flora Zambesiaca 11 (Part 1):1-320. Flora Zambesiaca Managing Committee, London.

Linder, H.P. and Kurzweil, H. 1999. Orchids of southern Africa. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Pfab, M.F. and Victor, J.E. 2002. Threatened plants of Gauteng, South Africa. South African Journal of Botany 68:370-375.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Victor, J.E. 2002. South Africa. In: J.S. Golding (ed), Southern African plant Red Data Lists. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 14 (pp. 93-120), SABONET, Pretoria.

Pfab, M.F. & Victor, J.E. 2009. Holothrix randii Rendle. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2023/12/01

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Distribution map

© L. Grobler

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