Scientific Name
Xiphotheca lanceolata (E.Mey.) Eckl. & Zeyh.
Higher Classification
Priestleya glauca T.M.Salter, Priestleya lanceolata E.Mey.
National Status
Status and Criteria
Vulnerable B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv)
Assessment Date
D. van der Colff, R. Koopman & I. Ebrahim
EOO ranging from 4437-6762 km², 32-35 severely fragmented sub-populations remain after >70% of this species' habitat has been lost to agricultural and urban expansion. It continues to decline due to too infrequent fire, quarrying, ongoing agricultural expansion and invasive alien plant infestation.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Western Cape
Hopefield, Paardeberg, Tulbagh to Hottentots Holland Mountains.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Swartland Shale Renosterveld, Breede Shale Renosterveld, Western Ruens Shale Renosterveld, Peninsula Shale Renosterveld, Swartland Granite Renosterveld, Swartland Silcrete Renosterveld, Cape Winelands Shale Fynbos, Peninsula Granite Fynbos, Boland Granite Fynbos, Lourensford Alluvium Fynbos, Swartland Alluvium Fynbos, Breede Alluvium Fynbos
Renosterveld-fynbos mosaic.
Habitat degradation due to urban development, invasive alien plants, historical and ongoing habitat loss to crop cultivation, quarrying and poor fire management has caused reduction in the population of this species as it is a reseeder that depends on fires for regeneration. Two localities have been lots to urban development resulting in a reduction the sizes of subpopulations at these sites.
Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Xiphotheca lanceolata (E.Mey.) Eckl. & Zeyh.VU B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv)2017.1
Xiphotheca lanceolata (E.Mey.) Eckl. & Zeyh.EN B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)Raimondo et al. (2009)
Xiphotheca lanceolata (E.Mey.) Eckl. & Zeyh.Endangered Hilton-Taylor (1996)

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.

Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Kemper, J., Cowling, R.M. and Richardson, D.M. 1999. Fragmentation of South African renosterveld shrublands: effects on plant community structure and conservation implications. Biological Conservation 90(2):103-111.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Schutte, A.L. 1997. A revision of the genus Xiphotheca (Fabaceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 84:90-102.

Talbot, W.J. 1947. Swartland and Sandveld: A survey of land utilization and soil erosion in the western lowlands of the Cape Province. Oxford University Press, Cape Town.

van der Colff, D., Koopman, R. & Ebrahim, I. 2015. Xiphotheca lanceolata (E.Mey.) Eckl. & Zeyh. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2020/07/09

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Distribution map

© A. Marais

© A. Marais

© D. Raimondo

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