Pseudognaphalium luteo-album (L.) Hilliard & B.L.Burtt
|Gnaphalium luteo-album L., Gnaphalium trifidum Thunb.|
|Jersey Cudweed (e), Manku (ss), Mosuoane (ss), Roerkruid (a), Toane (ss), Umgilane (z), Vaalbossie (a)|
Status and Criteria
|L. von Staden|
|Widespread, common and not in danger of extinction.|
|Not endemic to South Africa|
|Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape, North West, Western Cape|
|A widespread weedy species occurring across Africa, the Mediterranean, south-west and central Asia, North America and Australasia.|
Habitat and Ecology
|Albany Thicket, Desert, Forest, Fynbos, Grassland, Indian Ocean Coastal Belt, Nama Karoo, Savanna, Succulent Karoo|
|Sandy or clay soils near streams and marshes, often in disturbed places such as irrigation canals and also a weed in gardens.|
|It is not certain whether this species is native or introduced in South Africa. It was originally described from Europe, and Manning and Goldblatt (2012) and Snijman (2013) record it as exotic. Hilliard (1983) indicates that it is a widespread weedy species, but does not classify it as exotic. She includes a species collected and described by Thunberg from the Cape as a synonym of P. luteo-album, suggesting that it may have been part of the native flora, or otherwise introduced by early European settlers at the Cape.|
Abdel-Aziz, F. and Momen, Z. 1989. Systematic Revision of Compositae in Egypt. 4. Tribe Inuleae: Gnaphalium and Related Genera. Willdenowia 18(2):445-453.
Harvey, W.H. 1894. Compositae. In: W.H. Harvey and O.W. Sonder (eds). Flora Capensis III (Rubiaceae to Campanulaceae):44-530. L. Reeve & Co., Ltd., Ashford.
Hilliard, O.M. 1983. Gnaphaliinae (First Part). In: O.A. Leistner (ed). Flora of Southern Africa 33 Asteraceae, Part 7 Inuleae, Fascicle 2:1-325. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
Hilliard, O.M. and Burtt, B.L. 1981. Some generic concepts in Compositae - Gnaphaliinae. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 82(3):181-232.
Manning, J.C. and Goldblatt, P. 2012. Plants of the Greater Cape Floristic Region 1: The Core Cape Flora. Strelitzia 29. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
Snijman, D.A. 2013. Plants of the Greater Cape Floristic Region 2: The extra Cape flora. Strelitzia 30. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
|von Staden, L. 2016. Pseudognaphalium luteo-album (L.) Hilliard & B.L.Burtt. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. Accessed on 2017/03/27|