Jersey Cudweed

Taxonomy
Scientific Name
Pseudognaphalium luteo-album (L.) Hilliard & B.L.Burtt
Higher Classification
Dicotyledons
Family
ASTERACEAE
Synonyms
Gnaphalium luteo-album L., Gnaphalium trifidum Thunb.
Common Names
Jersey Cudweed (e), Manku (ss), Mosuoane (ss), Roerkruid (a), Toane (ss), Umgilane (z), Vaalbossie (a)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Least Concern
Assessment Date
2016/11/10
Assessor(s)
L. von Staden
Justification
Widespread, common and not in danger of extinction.
Distribution
Endemism
Not endemic to South Africa
Provincial distribution
Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape, North West, Western Cape
Range
A widespread weedy species occurring across Africa, the Mediterranean, south-west and central Asia, North America and Australasia.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Terrestrial
Major habitats
Albany Thicket, Desert, Forest, Fynbos, Grassland, Indian Ocean Coastal Belt, Nama Karoo, Savanna, Succulent Karoo
Description
Sandy or clay soils near streams and marshes, often in disturbed places such as irrigation canals and also a weed in gardens.
Population
Population trend
Stable
Notes
It is not certain whether this species is native or introduced in South Africa. It was originally described from Europe, and Manning and Goldblatt (2012) and Snijman (2013) record it as exotic. Hilliard (1983) indicates that it is a widespread weedy species, but does not classify it as exotic. She includes a species collected and described by Thunberg from the Cape as a synonym of P. luteo-album, suggesting that it may have been part of the native flora, or otherwise introduced by early European settlers at the Cape.
Bibliography

Abdel-Aziz, F. and Momen, Z. 1989. Systematic Revision of Compositae in Egypt. 4. Tribe Inuleae: Gnaphalium and Related Genera. Willdenowia 18(2):445-453.


Harvey, W.H. 1894. Compositae. In: W.H. Harvey and O.W. Sonder (eds). Flora Capensis III (Rubiaceae to Campanulaceae):44-530. L. Reeve & Co., Ltd., Ashford.


Hilliard, O.M. 1983. Gnaphaliinae (First Part). In: O.A. Leistner (ed). Flora of Southern Africa 33 Asteraceae, Part 7 Inuleae, Fascicle 2:1-325. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.


Hilliard, O.M. and Burtt, B.L. 1981. Some generic concepts in Compositae - Gnaphaliinae. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 82(3):181-232.


Manning, J.C. and Goldblatt, P. 2012. Plants of the Greater Cape Floristic Region 1: The Core Cape Flora. Strelitzia 29. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.


Snijman, D.A. 2013. Plants of the Greater Cape Floristic Region 2: The extra Cape flora. Strelitzia 30. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.


Citation
von Staden, L. 2016. Pseudognaphalium luteo-album (L.) Hilliard & B.L.Burtt. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. Accessed on 2017/10/22

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Distribution map


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