Taxonomy
Scientific Name
Helichrysum intricatum DC.
Higher Classification
Dicotyledons
Family
ASTERACEAE
National Status
Status and Criteria
Data Deficient - Insufficient Information
Assessment Date
2018/05/29
Assessor(s)
L. von Staden
Justification
Helichrysum intricatum is a widespread, but very poorly known species. Its historical range stretches over an extent of occurrence (EOO) of 35 168 km², but all recent records are from a small area of 513 km². It is likely overlooked in the southern Cape, but field surveys are needed to confirm this. It is possibly threatened by competition from alien invasive plants and habitat degradation, but its resilience to disturbance is not known. It appears to be a localized habitat specialist, and its area of occupancy (AOO) is therefore likely to be small.
Distribution
Endemism
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Eastern Cape, Western Cape
Range
This species has a disjunct distribution in the Western and Eastern Cape, where it occurs in the Outeniqua, Tsitsikamma and Kouga Mountains, and in the mountains around Hogsback and Stutterheim.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Terrestrial
Major habitats
Amathole Mistbelt Grassland, Amathole Montane Grassland, Kouga Grassy Sandstone Fynbos, Kouga Sandstone Fynbos, Tsitsikamma Sandstone Fynbos, South Outeniqua Sandstone Fynbos, South Langeberg Sandstone Fynbos
Description
It occurs in marshy areas on mountain slopes, such as muddy streambanks and seeps.
Threats
This species has lost habitat to timber plantations over most of its range, but expansion of plantations has largely ceased. It is likely to be threatened by competition from escaped pine seedlings and other invasive weeds, which tend to spread along drainage lines.
Population

This species is known in the western part of its range only from a few, scattered records, all more than 100 years old. Its presence in the mountains of the southern Cape needs to be confirmed. It may be overlooked as it flowers during the hot summer months, outside of the peak flowering season for Cape fynbos. Recent observations are from a small area in the Amathole Mountains near Hogsback and Keiskammahoek.


Population trend
Unknown
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Helichrysum intricatum DC.Least Concern Raimondo et al. (2009)
Bibliography

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.


Hilliard, O.M. 1983. Gnaphaliinae (First Part). In: O.A. Leistner (ed). Flora of Southern Africa 33 Asteraceae, Part 7 Inuleae, Fascicle 2:1-325. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.


Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.


Citation
von Staden, L. 2018. Helichrysum intricatum DC. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2020/10/20

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Distribution map


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