Taxonomy
Scientific Name
Vernonia schlechteri O.Hoffm.
Higher Classification
Dicotyledons
Family
ASTERACEAE
National Status
Status and Criteria
Near Threatened B1ab(iii)
Assessment Date
2018/09/29
Assessor(s)
L. von Staden
Justification
This species has a restricted range, with an extent of occurrence (EOO) of 9152 km². It is known from 10-15 locations and is likely to continue to decline due to ongoing habitat loss and degradation.
Distribution
Endemism
Not endemic to South Africa
Provincial distribution
Mpumalanga
Range
Mpumalanga escarpment from Lydenburg to Piet Retief. It also occurs in adjacent areas in Swaziland, and with a few isolated occurrences in Mozambique and Zimbabwe.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Terrestrial
Major habitats
Long Tom Pass Montane Grassland, Steenkampsberg Montane Grassland, Northern Escarpment Quartzite Sourveld, KaNgwane Montane Grassland, Northern Escarpment Dolomite Grassland, Barberton Montane Grassland, Eastern Highveld Grassland, Lydenburg Thornveld
Description
It occurs in submontane grassland and rocky hillsides in Protea grasslands.
Threats
Nearly 50% of this species' grassland habitat has been irreversibly modified, predominantly due to establishment of exotic timber plantations. It is suspected to be locally extinct at four locations known from historical records. Land cover data indicate ongoing sporadic habitat loss.
Population

This species is known from only a few, scattered records, but may be overlooked due to taxonomic problems.


Population trend
Decreasing
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Vernonia schlechteri O.Hoffm.Least Concern Raimondo et al. (2009)
Bibliography

Hilliard, O.M. 1977. Compositae in Natal. University of Natal Press, Pietermaritzburg.


Pope, G.V. 1992. Compositae. In: G.V. Pope (ed). Flora Zambesiaca 6 (Part 1):1-255. Flora Zambesiaca Managing Committee, London.


Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.


Retief, E. and Herman, P.P.J. 1997. Plants of the northern provinces of South Africa: keys and diagnostic characters. Strelitzia 6. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.


Wild, H. 1978. The Compositae of the Flora Zambesiaca area 8 - Vernonieae (Vernonia). Kirkia 11(1):31-127.


Citation
von Staden, L. 2018. Vernonia schlechteri O.Hoffm. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2020/10/28

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Distribution map


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