Scientific Name
Phymaspermum thymelaeoides (DC.) Magee & Ruiters
Higher Classification
Osteospermum thymelaeoides DC., Phymaspermum schroeteri Compton
Common Names
Heuningkaroo (a)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Least Concern
Assessment Date
D. Raimondo & L. von Staden
A widespread species that is not currently in danger of extinction, but may decline in future, should planned shale gas extraction go ahead.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Northern Cape, Western Cape
Roggeveld and Nuweveld escarpments to Matjiesfontein.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Fynbos, Nama Karoo, Succulent Karoo
Upper south-facing slopes, 1000-1700 m.
This species is potentially threatened by habitat loss to infrastructure development related to shale gas extraction. Most of its range falls within an area earmarked for shale gas extraction, but the potential extent of the impact of the population is at present too uncertain to make estimations of potential future population reduction.

J.P.H. Acocks, in his surveys of the vegetation of South Africa in the 1950s and 60s, found this species to be widespread and common across the Roggeveld and Nuweveld escarpments, but noted that plants are heavily grazed. Current population status and trends are not known.

Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Phymaspermum schroeteri ComptonRare Raimondo et al. (2009)
Phymaspermum schroeteri ComptonLower Risk - Least Concern Victor (2002)
Phymaspermum schroeteri ComptonNot Threatened Hilton-Taylor (1996)
Phymaspermum schroeteri ComptonRare Hall et al. (1980)

Hall, A.V., De Winter, M., De Winter, B. and Van Oosterhout, S.A.M. 1980. Threatened plants of southern Africa. South African National Scienctific Programmes Report 45. CSIR, Pretoria.

Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Ruiters, A.K., Tilney, P.M., Van Wyk, B.E. and Magee, A.R. 2016. Taxonomy of the Genus Phymaspermum (Asteraceae, Anthemideae). Systematic Botany 41(2):430-456.

Snijman, D.A. 2013. Plants of the Greater Cape Floristic Region 2: The extra Cape flora. Strelitzia 30. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Victor, J.E. 2002. South Africa. In: J.S. Golding (ed), Southern African plant Red Data Lists. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 14 (pp. 93-120), SABONET, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D. & von Staden, L. 2017. Phymaspermum thymelaeoides (DC.) Magee & Ruiters. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. Accessed on 2019/10/15

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Distribution map

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