Scientific Name
Trema orientalis (L.) Blume
Higher Classification
Celtis guineensis Schumach. & Thonn., Celtis guineensis Schumach. & Thonn. var. parvifolia Schumach. & Thonn., Celtis orientalis L., Sponia africana Planch., Sponia bracteolata Hochst., Sponia glomerata Hochst., Sponia guineensis (Schumach. & Thonn.) Planch., Sponia hochstetteri Planch., Sponia nitens Planch., Sponia orientalis (L.) Planch., Sponia strigosa Planch., Trema africana (Planch.) Blume, Trema bracteolata (Hochst.) Blume, Trema glomerata (Hochst.) Blume, Trema guineensis (Schumach. & Thonn.) Ficalho, Trema guineensis (Schumach. & Thonn.) Ficalho var. hochstetteri (Planch.) Engl., Trema guineensis (Schumach. & Thonn.) Ficalho var. parvifolia (Schumach. & Thonn.) Engl., Trema guineensis (Schumach. & Thonn.) Ficalho var. paucinervia Hauman, Trema nitens (Planch.) Blume, Trema strigosa (Planch.) Blume
Common Names
Hophout (a), Ifamu (z), Iphubane (z), Isikhwelamfene (z), Modutu (ns), Mpokoboko (ns), Mukurukuru (v), Nbantini (z), Pigeonwood (e), Rhodesian Elm (e), Ubathini (z), Ubatima (x), Umbengele (z), Umbengele (x), Umbhangabhanga (z), Umcebekhazana (z), Umdindwa (z), Umsekeseke (z), Umvangazi (z), Umvangazi (x), Umvumvu (x), Uphakane (x)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Least Concern
Assessment Date
W. Foden & L. Potter
This taxon was not selected in any one of four screening processes for highlighting potential taxa of conservation concern for detailed assessment and was hence given an automated status of Least Concern. The Threatened Species Programme is currently systematically completing full assessments for all taxa with an automated status. If you disagree with this taxon's status, please contact the Threatened Species Programme at the link below.
Not endemic to South Africa
Provincial distribution
Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Trema orientalis (L.) BlumeLeast Concern Raimondo et al. (2009)

Boon, R. 2010. Pooley's Trees of eastern South Africa. Flora and Fauna Publications Trust, Durban.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Foden, W. & Potter, L. 2005. Trema orientalis (L.) Blume. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2021/12/02

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Distribution map

© M. Mkhize

© M. Mkhize

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