Scientific Name
Limonium purpuratum (L.) F.T.Hubb. ex L.H.Bailey
Higher Classification
Afrolimon purpuratum (L.) Lincz., Statice purpurata L.
Common Names
Papierblom (a)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Endangered B1ab(iii,v); C2a(i)
Assessment Date
N.A. Helme & L. von Staden
A range-restricted species (EOO 1635 km²), known from seven small, severely fragmented subpopulations, ranging in size between 10 and 100 mature individuals. The population, estimated to number less than 1000 mature individuals continues to decline due to competition from alien invasive plants and ongoing habitat loss and degradation.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Western Cape
Vredenburg to Durbanville.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Cape Flats Dune Strandveld, Saldanha Limestone Strandveld, Swartland Granite Renosterveld, Cape Flats Sand Fynbos, Atlantis Sand Fynbos, Hopefield Sand Fynbos
Sand plain fynbos and coastal strandveld.
This species is threatened by ongoing habitat loss to coastal and industrial development, and subpopulations in the southern parts of its range known through historical records are now locally extinct due to habitat loss to urban expansion. Around Atlantis and Chatsworth much of its habitat has also been degraded and fragmented by crop cultivation. The most severe ongoing threat to this species is competition from dense, unmanaged alien invasive plant infestations, which affects large sections of its habitat between Bokbaai and Chatsworth.

Limonium purpuratum is known from seven small, isolated subpopulations. The size of five of these have been estimated and range between 10 and 100 plants. Field notes indicate that other subpopulations are also likely to be small. The population is therefore estimated to number fewer than 1000 mature individuals and continue to decline due to ongoing habitat loss and degradation.

Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Limonium purpuratum (L.) F.T.Hubb. ex L.H.BaileyEN B1ab(iii,v); C2a(i)2017.1
Afrolimon purpuratum (L.) Lincz.CR B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)+2ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)Raimondo et al. (2009)
Limonium purpuratum (L.) F.T.Hubb. ex L.H.BaileyIndeterminate Hilton-Taylor (1996)

Dyer, R.A. 1963. Plumbaginaceae. In: R.A. Dyer, L.E. Codd and H.B. Rycroft (eds). Flora of southern Africa 26 (Myrsinaceae-Apocynaceae):15-31. Botanical Research Institute, Pretoria.

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.

Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Manning, J.C. and Goldblatt, P. 2012. Plants of the Greater Cape Floristic Region 1: The Core Cape Flora. Strelitzia 29. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Helme, N.A. & von Staden, L. 2016. Limonium purpuratum (L.) F.T.Hubb. ex L.H.Bailey. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2022/01/23

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Distribution map

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