Scientific Name
Prionium serratum (L.f.) Drège ex E.Mey.
Higher Classification
Prionium palmita E.Mey.
Common Names
Intsikane (x), Palmiet (a)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Least Concern
Assessment Date
J.E. Victor
Declining in Kwazulu-Natal due to harvesting for medicinal purposes, its wetland habitat is being degraded by overgrazing and frequent fire. The decline across its range is insufficient for listing as NT.
South African endemic
Provincial distribution
Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Western Cape
Western and Eastern Cape as far as Grahamstown and from Port St Johns to southern KwaZulu-Natal.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Albany Thicket, Fynbos, Indian Ocean Coastal Belt
An aquatic or semi-aquatic plant growing in marshy coastal areas, and along rivers.
Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Prionium serratum (L.f.) Drège ex E.Mey.Declining Raimondo et al. (2009)
Prionium serratum (L.f.) Drège ex E.Mey.Lower Risk - Least Concern Scott-Shaw (1999)
Prionium serratum (L.f.) Drège ex E.Mey.Not Threatened Hilton-Taylor (1996)

Cook, C.D.K. 2004. Aquatic and wetland plants of southern Africa. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.

Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Scott-Shaw, C.R. 1999. Rare and threatened plants of KwaZulu-Natal and neighbouring regions. KwaZulu-Natal Nature Conservation Service, Pietermaritzburg.

Sieben, E.J.J. 2009. The status and distribution of vascular plants (Magnoliophyta, Lycophyta, Pteridophyta). In: W.R.T. Darwall, K.G. Smith, D. Tweddle and P. Skelton (eds.), The status and distribution of freshwater biodiversity in southern Africa (pp. 83-98), IUCN and SAIAB, Gland, Switzerland and Grahamstown, South Africa.

Victor, J.E. and Dold, A.P. 2003. Threatened plants of the Albany Centre of Floristic Endemism, South Africa. South African Journal of Science 99:437-446.

Victor, J.E. 2016. Prionium serratum (L.f.) Drège ex E.Mey. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2021/04/18

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Distribution map

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