Common Guarri

Scientific Name
Euclea undulata Thunb.
Higher Classification
Euclea myrtina Burch., Euclea undulata Thunb. var. myrtina (Burch.) Hiern
Common Names
Common Guarri (e), Fire Fighter's Blessing (e), Gewone Ghwarrie (a), Ghwarrieboom (a), Ghwarriebos (a), Guarri (a), Guarri Bush (e), Guarribessies (a), Guarriboom (a), Guarribos (a), Guarriheuning (a), Guarrihout (a), Guarriwood (e), Gwanxe (z), Gwharrie (a), Ihlangula (nd), Kwar (a), Mokwere Kwere (ss), Raasbessie (a), Raasbessiebos (a), Small-leaved Guarri (e), Thicket Euclea (e), Tshitangule (v), Umgwali (x), Umshekisane (z)
National Status
Status and Criteria
Least Concern
Assessment Date
L. von Staden
Euclea undulata is a widespread and abundant species. It is not in danger of extinction.
Not endemic to South Africa
Provincial distribution
Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape, North West, Western Cape
This species is widespread across most of South Africa, absent only from the central highveld and the West Coast. It is also widespread across southern Africa, including Namibia, Botswana, Swaziland and Zimbabwe.
Habitat and Ecology
Major system
Major habitats
Albertinia Sand Fynbos, North Langeberg Sandstone Fynbos, North Sonderend Sandstone Fynbos, Bokkeveld Sandstone Fynbos, Suurberg Quartzite Fynbos, Grootrivier Quartzite Fynbos, Breede Quartzite Fynbos, Matjiesfontein Quartzite Fynbos, Swartruggens Quartzite Fynbos, Canca Limestone Fynbos, KwaZulu-Natal Coastal Belt Grassland, Potberg Ferricrete Fynbos, Tsitsikamma Sandstone Fynbos, Breede Sand Fynbos, Southern Cape Dune Fynbos, Knysna Sand Fynbos, Namaqualand Sand Fynbos, Swellendam Silcrete Fynbos, Eastern Gariep Plains Desert, Eastern Gariep Rocky Desert, Transkei Coastal Belt, Albany Arid Thicket, De Hoop Limestone Fynbos, Kango Conglomerate Fynbos, Uniondale Shale Renosterveld, Swartberg Shale Renosterveld, Mossel Bay Shale Renosterveld, Eastern Ruens Shale Renosterveld, Central Ruens Shale Renosterveld, Western Ruens Shale Renosterveld, Vanrhynsdorp Shale Renosterveld, Kango Limestone Renosterveld, Ruens Silcrete Renosterveld, Potberg Sandstone Fynbos, Loerie Conglomerate Fynbos, North Outeniqua Sandstone Fynbos, Nardouw Sandstone Fynbos, Kouga Grassy Sandstone Fynbos, Kouga Sandstone Fynbos, South Kammanassie Sandstone Fynbos, North Kammanassie Sandstone Fynbos, South Swartberg Sandstone Fynbos, North Swartberg Sandstone Fynbos, South Rooiberg Sandstone Fynbos, North Rooiberg Sandstone Fynbos, Muscadel Riviere, Breede Alluvium Renosterveld, Elands Forest Thicket, Grahamstown Grassland Thicket, Gouritz Valley Thicket, Goukamma Dune Thicket, Gamka Valley Thicket, Gamka Arid Thicket, Fish Valley Thicket, Fish Mesic Thicket, Fish Arid Thicket, Escarpment Valley Thicket, Pondoland-Ugu Sandstone Coastal Sourveld, Escarpment Arid Thicket, Kasouga Dune Thicket, Eastern Gwarrieveld, Doubledrift Karroid Thicket, Crossroads Grassland Thicket, Buffels Valley Thicket, Buffels Mesic Thicket, Baviaans Valley Thicket, Albany Valley Thicket, Albany Mesic Thicket, Albany Bontveld, Escarpment Mesic Thicket, Western Gwarrieveld, Tanqua Wash Riviere, Southern Karoo Riviere, Namaqualand Riviere, Subtropical Alluvial Vegetation, Albany Alluvial Vegetation, Upper Gariep Alluvial Vegetation, Lower Gariep Alluvial Vegetation, Cape Lowland Alluvial Vegetation, Willowmore Gwarrieveld, Grass Ridge Bontveld, Hamburg Dune Thicket, Hartenbos Strandveld, Vanstadens Forest Thicket, Sundays Valley Thicket, Sundays Mesic Thicket, Sundays Arid Thicket, Saltaire Karroid Thicket, Oudshoorn Karroid Thicket, Motherwell Karroid Thicket, Mons Ruber Fynbos Thicket, Koedoeskloof Karroid Thicket, Humansdorp Shale Renosterveld, St Francis Dune Thicket, Zeerust Thornveld, Olifantshoek Plains Thornveld, Kathu Bushveld, Molopo Bushveld, Kuruman Mountain Bushveld, Mafikeng Bushveld, Gold Reef Mountain Bushveld, Moot Plains Bushveld, Norite Koppies Bushveld, Marikana Thornveld, Langkloof Shale Renosterveld, Dwarsberg-Swartruggens Mountain Bushveld, Gordonia Plains Shrubland, Sekhukhune Mountain Bushveld, Sekhukhune Plains Bushveld, Ohrigstad Mountain Bushveld, Poung Dolomite Mountain Bushveld, Mamabolo Mountain Bushveld, Polokwane Plateau Bushveld, Soutpansberg Mountain Bushveld, Makhado Sweet Bushveld, Madikwe Dolomite Bushveld, Pilanesberg Mountain Bushveld, Lebombo Summit Sourveld, Bhisho Thornveld, Eastern Valley Bushveld, KwaZulu-Natal Sandstone Sourveld, KwaZulu-Natal Hinterland Thornveld, Phalaborwa-Timbavati Mopaneveld, Granite Lowveld, Zululand Lowveld, Northern Zululand Sourveld, Western Maputaland Clay Bushveld, Postmasburg Thornveld, Tembe Sandy Bushveld, Koranna-Langeberg Mountain Bushveld, Southern Lebombo Bushveld, Swaziland Sour Bushveld, Kuruman Thornveld, Kuruman Vaalbosveld, Ghaap Plateau Vaalbosveld, Schmidtsdrif Thornveld, Vaalbos Rocky Shrubland, Kimberley Thornveld, Schweizer-Reneke Bushveld, Waterberg Mountain Bushveld, Western Maputaland Sandy Bushveld, Xhariep Karroid Grassland, Limpopo Sweet Bushveld, Albany Broken Veld, Eastern Lower Karoo, Gamka Karoo, Kalahari Karroid Shrubland, Bushmanland Arid Grassland, Blouputs Karroid Thornveld, Lower Gariep Broken Veld, Bedford Dry Grassland, Northern Upper Karoo, Besemkaree Koppies Shrubland, Eastern Upper Karoo, Klerksdorp Thornveld, Karoo Escarpment Grassland, Groot Brak Dune Strandveld, Breede Shale Renosterveld, Montagu Shale Renosterveld, Matjiesfontein Shale Renosterveld, Central Mountain Shale Renosterveld, Roggeveld Shale Renosterveld, Nieuwoudtville Shale Renosterveld, South Eastern Coastal Thornveld, Tarkastad Montane Shrubland, Koedoesberge-Moordenaars Karoo, Baviaanskloof Shale Renosterveld, Western Sandy Bushveld, Springbokvlakte Thornveld, Loskop Thornveld, Loskop Mountain Bushveld, Central Sandy Bushveld, Andesite Mountain Bushveld, Gauteng Shale Mountain Bushveld, Dwaalboom Thornveld, Upper Karoo Hardeveld, Robertson Karoo, Roodeberg Bushveld, Tanqua Karoo, Tanqua Escarpment Shrubland, Steytlerville Karoo, Prince Albert Succulent Karoo, Eastern Little Karoo, Hantam Karoo, Bushmanland Inselberg Shrubland, Kamiesberg Mountains Shrubland, Namaqualand Heuweltjieveld, Namaqualand Klipkoppe Shrubland, Western Little Karoo
It occurs on rocky slopes in woodland and grassland, or along watercourses in drier areas.
Population trend
Assessment History
Taxon assessed
Status and Criteria
Citation/Red List version
Euclea undulata Thunb.Least Concern Raimondo et al. (2009)

Boon, R. 2010. Pooley's Trees of eastern South Africa. Flora and Fauna Publications Trust, Durban.

Coates Palgrave, M. 2002. Keith Coates Palgrave Trees of southern Africa. 3rd Edition. Struik, Cape Town.

De Winter, B. 1963. Ebenaceae. In: R.A. Dyer, L.E. Codd and H.B. Rycroft (eds). Flora of southern Africa 26 (Myrsinaceae-Apocynaceae):54-99. Botanical Research Institute, Pretoria.

Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa. Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.

Manning, J.C. and Goldblatt, P. 2012. Plants of the Greater Cape Floristic Region 1: The Core Cape Flora. Strelitzia 29. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Schmidt, E., Lotter, M. and McCleland, W. 2002. Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park. Jacana, Johannesburg.

Vlok, J. and Schutte-Vlok, A.L. 2010. Plants of the Klein Karoo. Umdaus Press, Hatfield.

von Staden, L. 2018. Euclea undulata Thunb. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2024/02/24

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Distribution map

© J.H. Vlok/A.L. Schutte-Vlok

© J.H. Vlok/A.L. Schutte-Vlok

© J.H. Vlok/A.L. Schutte-Vlok

© L. von Staden

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